Robots: Evolution of a Cultural Icon

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Robot 4, 2006 Acrylic On Canvas © courtesy of the Artist and SJMA
Greg's Robot Collection, 1991 Twenty 16 X 20" Images © courtesy of the Artist and SJMA
Robespierre from the series, Evolution, Revolution, Resolution, 1989 Portfolio Of 8 Etchings And Lithographs (Ed. 64) © Carl Solway Gallery, Inc, Cincinnati.
Robots: Evolution of a Cultural Icon
Curated by: JoAnne Northrup

110 South Market St.
San Jose, CA 95113
April 12th, 2008 - October 19th, 2008

Peninsula/South Bay
Tue-Sun 11-5; Closed Monday, and all Monday holidays


Robots: Evolution of a Cultural Icon examines the development of robot iconography in fine art over the past 50 years. In 1920, the term robot was coined from a Czech word robota, which means tedious labor. Since then, the image and the idea of a robot have evolved remarkably from an awkward, mechanical creature to a sophisticated android with artificial intelligence and the potential for human-like consciousness. As robotic technology catches up with the wild imagination of science fiction novels, movies, and animation, dreams and fears anticipated in these stories may also become reality. Artists included in the exhibition have responded to the technological innovation with optimism, pessimism, and humor, presenting work that ultimately explores our ambivalent attitudes towards robots.

The exhibition features sculptures, paintings, photographs, digital media, and installations created by more than 20 artists. While some artists meticulously create portraits or representational sculptures of robots, others address a range of social and cultural issues through robot iconography. For example, in The Battle of Twin Palms (2004), Jeff Soto comments on mankind�s adverse effect on the environment by depicting warfare between biomechanical creatures. Gail Wight\'s Star StruckMetropolis (1927) on his little TV. The floor is littered with crumpled Kleenex and the robot is sobbing, his body convulsing. Lang\'s Metropolis, the first true masterpiece of science fiction in film, is about a futuristic city and its Marxist heroine, a female robot, who comes to a tragic end.

Despite the exhibition�s seemingly lighthearted appearance, the artists demonstrate the serious implications posed by new technology and our physically disconnected contemporary lifestyle. Both nostalgic and futuristic, the exhibition provides visual reflection on the technological advancements that are fast becoming an essential part of our civilization.

Robots artists: Clayton Bailey, Chris Cunningham, Feric, Nemo Gould, Amy Hicks, Eric Joyner, Chico MacMurtrie, Mars-1, Michael McMillen, Michael Mew, David Pace, Nam June Paik, Alan Rath, Michael A. Salter, Lisa Solomon, Jeff Soto, Jason Van Anden, H.C. Westermann, Gail Wight, Kow Yokoyama, and Thomas Zummer. The exhibition is curated by SJMA senior curator JoAnne Northrup.