Johnny Abraham’s panel paintings are made up of various relationships between pattern, shape, and composition, using two colors and a single width of band. Line is perceived where no line exists, and shape is created through the termination of many “lines” along an implied edge. These reduced elements and restricted colors form a pattern, which in repetition makes a composition that emphasizes clarity, stability, or instability. A pattern is selected for it’s impact on perception. Creativity, in this process, has no causal agency over outcome; instead, rules and restrictions determine results which are then measured and observed.