Ballpoint Pen Drawing Since 1950
The origins of the ballpoint pen go back to the late nineteenth century, but it was only after World War II that the technology was perfected and the ballpoint achieved commercial success. With the rise of anti-art movements such as Fluxus in the 1960s, a number of notable artists made drawings using the ballpoint including Cy Twombly and Alighiero e Boetti. The last decade has witnessed a steady increase in artists drawing with the pen, using approaches from the abject to the sublime. This survey includes work by Rita Ackermann, Bill Adams, Alighiero e Boetti, Dawn Clements, Russell Crotty, Joanne Greenbaum, Il Lee, and Martin Kippenberger. This exhibition is curated by exhibitions director Richard Klein.