Abstract Art; personal painting styles, you have it or you need to develop
Abstract art focuses on modern and postmodern art to shape an individual art piece. Images in this art form are often not easily recognized giving this art form great freedom to express the idea or concept in the artists own way. This abstract art form involves early movements of Cubism and Abstract Expressionism
Cubism often used geometric shape in the abstract painting and sometime cubes. Artists Pablo Picasso and George Braque are known for this style of abstract paintings. They rejected the traditional concepts that art should follow perspective and modeling. They often reduced the object into geometric forms to create a statement. This period ran from 1881 to 1973. In this period many abstract paintings were made.
Abstract art often covered changes in science and technology in the 20th century. Abstract Paintings often had different shapes using solid colors like red, blue, brown, grey, black, and white. The artist wanted the viewer to see the shape of the lines in the abstract paintings. Often vertical, horizontal or diagonal lines are used in abstract art. The shapes and lines create a sense of movement or flow in the abstract paintings.
This form of art used simple color combinations often not found in other work. This means muted colors like gray in abstract paintings. Many artists used black, white, yellow, red and green in abstract painting and Abstract Expressionism. Often the bolder colors are used to make object stand out against a black, gray or white in abstract art. The abstract art movement took place in the United States and Europe.
Often an abstract art painting has no subject. This means is it not a person, landscape, still life, or religious painting. The shapes and colors were designed to let the viewer experience certain emotions. Many artists painted and drew with great detail abstract paintings designed to get a certain reaction from the viewer. Other artists drew randomly with emotion creating abstract paintings with little planning or organization.
Before World War II Paris was the location that most modern art trends emerged. This shifted to New York City after the end of the war. An extreme style of abstract art was painted by a Russian artist named Kasmir Malevich. The style was called suprematism and an example is a white square on a white background. It focused on basic geometric forms in art black on white or white on black was common in abstract paintings.
Different Types of Abstract Art
Curvilinear Abstract Art is associated with Celtic art that uses over eight shapes involving knots. These shapes include interlaced patterns and spirals. Often they are used in book covers, textiles, and wall paper. Light or colour abstract art uses color to detach the art from reality. The object disappears in a swirl of color like many of Monet's works. Geometric abstract art focuses on 2D form. It ignores the rules of perspective and depth. It uses shapes like circles, squares, triangle and rectangles in abstract paintings. This is known as one the purest forms of abstract art.
Emotional abstract art involves a mix of techniques that reflects the natural world. When seeing these abstract paintings. These abstract paintings often incorporate two techniques surrealism and organic abstraction. Gestural abstract art strives to make the abstract painting more important than they are. Paint is applied in a unique style often loose and rapid. It is often called action painting or drip painting.
In abstract expressionism color takes front and center in the abstract paintings. Early paintings of abstract expressionism were large canvases that drew the viewer into another world. Bold colors were used in abstract expressionism designed to explore the role of emotions in the viewer or the artist. Artist wanted the viewer to explore what they felt when they looked at the Abstract expressionism painting not what they saw. This movement was associated with the New York School of Art.
These abstract expressionism paintings were creative and spur of the moment in the abstract expressionism movement. It began in the 1930's during the depression. The roots of abstract expressionism relate to the war and the aftermath. Contact between American and European artist during the abstract expressionism period lead to a creative era pouring and dripping came to be a technique used in 1947 in abstract paintings. This was a technique of abstract expressionism that used dripped and thinned out paint on a canvas laid on the ground instead of the traditional method. This was a popular technique in abstract expressionism for abstract paintings.
This produced a group of very different and individual artists that expressed themselves in their own style of abstract art. Most were located in New York's Greenwich Village. The giant canvases of the paintings were a trade mark of abstract expressionism Images were intense and the colors often bold in these abstract paintings.
Abstract art and abstract expressionism had several artists in the movement. Each one was unique with their own style. James Whistler is known for abstract paintings with semi abstract tonal qualities. Russian artist Wassil Kandinsky is given credit for producing some of the first abstract paintings in the 20th century. One of the abstract paintings is called Blue Rider and Black Frame. Blue Rider show a small blue cloaked rider on a horse galloping through a rocky meadow. It creates motion without specific details in this popular piece.
Henry Matisse was known for colour related abstract paintings. Vibrant colours played a key role in many of his abstract paintings. Colors conveyed bold patterns in his abstract paintings. Hans Hoffman was known as a leader in abstract expressionism. He pioneered the process of drip painting and he taught until the age of 78. He is known as a teacher more than for his abstract art. Still he is a leader in abstract expressionism.
Mark Rothko is known as one of one of the most creative abstract artists of the time. He was the leader in the color field paintings that were large areas of flat colour. The pictures were seen as a field not a window. Your eyes are drawn to the edges of the canvas of the abstract paintings . Jackson Pollock is known for developing the technique of action painting. It is dripping and smearing paint onto a canvas in sweeping gestures. There are many other painters too numerous to mention that made abstract paintings and abstract expressionism come to life.
When you decide to try a style of abstract art it is important to study the different art movements that influence style. Abstract paintings have many artists that used their own unique style in the large field of abstract art. Abstract art has a long and interesting history to learn from. Abstract Expressionism is just one movement in the picture. Abstract Expressionism does not reflect the many art movements within the abstract art. Abstract Expressionism is just one movement and style.
The artist must decide what type of abstract art to specialize by the study of the history and styles of abstract art. There are many abstract paintings to see and learn from. Don't think that Abstract Expressionism is the most popular style of abstract art because it is only one. When you study this subject look at abstract expressionism as an important movement but look closely at the others too. Don't be fooled by thinking abstract expressionism embodies the whole abstract art movement. Abstract expressionism is just one of the many interesting techniques.
Futurism was a movement that used science and technology in the paintings. It used speed an often depicted the automobile or airplane in the paintings. Orphism was a style that combined colour with sense of motion. It used unusual combinations of colors and overlapping pattern to create an effect. Rayonism focused on depicting light in a painting and slanting lines that looked light beams or rays. Constructivism was a movement that used design and architecture in the paintings. These are some of the other movements that were part of the revolution.