Bozar - Palais des beaux-arts de Bruxelles
Nam June Paik
The Paleis voor Schone Kunsten (Dutch) or Palais des Beaux Arts (French) is cultural venue in Brussels, Belgium. Often referred to as "Bozar" or "PSK", construction was completed in 1928 and includes exhibition and conference rooms, movie theater and concert hall which serves as home to the National Orchestra of Belgium.
Following the First World War, funding was initially denied for the plans by Belgian Art Nouveau architect Victor Horta (1861-1947) by the Belgian Parliament. With the founding of the Société du Palais des Beaux-Arts in 1922, the project was revived with several restrictions: the city supplied a very irregular area on the slope between the higher and the lower part of the city. The main facade had to house shopping facilities. The height was restricted not to compromise the King's view of Brussels' skyline from the Royal Palace.
It took more than a decade to complete the complex that contains a large concert hall, a recital room, a chamber music room, lecture rooms and a vast gallery for temporary exhibitions. Horta created a stunning Art Deco masterpiece. He managed to put together this array of different functions on a rather small building plot with restricted conditions using more than 8 building levels with a large part situated underground.
Since 2002, the Belgian federal intuition has chosen the brand name BOZAR which has seven artistic departments: Bozar Expo, Bozar Music, Bozar Cinema, Bozar Dance, Bozar Theatre, Bozar Literature, Bozar Studios and Boxar Architecture. The Bozar is home to the National Orchestra of Belgium, the Société Philharmonique/Philharmonische Vereniging which invites the world's major orchestras and performers to appear at the Le Boeuf Hall. The finals of the Queen Elisabeth Music Competition are held there also.
Creativity, quality, and artistic diversity have been at the heart of the Centre’s mission since its foundation. But for art not to be something abstract and distant, for it to be truly part of the “culture” of a society – and particularly in a city as variegated and international as Brussels – the public must be able to experience it in a way that is both natural and lively. Art and people must find and recognise each other, must interact with and enrich each other. For the greater happiness of all.
Our commitment, accordingly, is not only to the provision of a range of artistic activities, but also to achieving a “total experience”. Whether with friends, as a family, alone, as a couple, in a group, or with a class, whether young or old, fans of video or of string quartets, you are all invited to feel, to breathe, to view and to check out the atmosphere of the Centre for Fine Arts. To let yourselves be seduced by the strange beauty of a building that is at once imposing and intimate. To appreciate, day after day, the remarkable quality of the events programmed here. To discover that, when it comes to art, “total experiences” are the most intense and the most precious, that they cannot be repeated, that they represent, each time, a unique experience.