The Desire for Form – O Desejo da Forma
In the late 1950s Brazil found itself in an unprecedented period of cultural, social and economic change. Brasília, the new capital, was designed at the drawing board and constructed in just a few years. The bossa nova revolutionized the music scene. And the fine arts articulated a new artistic outlook in Neoconcretismo – geometric strictness of concrete art combined with sensuous pleasure in playfullness, subjectivity and expressiveness.
The exhibition at the Akademie der Künste presents a survey of the enormous artistic powers of creativity characterizing this period. Works by the most influential artists of this epoch will be shown, for instance by Hélio Oiticica, Lygia Clark, Lygia Pape, Ivan Serpa, Aluísio Carvão, Amilcar de Castro and Franz Weissmann. The exhibition also illustrates the mutual interlacing of art and culture with architecture, focusing primarily on the icons of Brazilian architecture of that era, Lúcio Costa and Oscar Niemeyer, the designers of Brasília. The pioneering period of Brazilian culture in the 1950s becomes apparent. An independent Brazilian Modernism, for whose breakthrough this economically supported revolutionary spirit offered a favorable climate, was created from the adaptation of “Western” Modernism.
Installation, sculptures and films by Iole de Freitas, Waltercio Caldas, Carlos Bevilacqua, Carla Guagliardi, Cao Guimarães and Pablo Lobato, will provide insight into the developments from Neoconcretismo and its traces in Brazilian art today.