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Yuan Chu Chen Social problems of the art world of the network age

 

Yuan Chu Chen

Social problems of the art world of the network age

 

We have from the "big time" into the "small time", in the art world of the network age, does not need to deliberately create the star. Contemporary art has become a personal way of thinking about social problems, even for the public topic, also reveal to the uniqueness of individual thinking. From "personal", create a collective worship "star" is a breach of the current era. For a long time, the world of art no longer produces the so-called trend, but only produce successful individual artists, this is, of course, let the people question, whether hidden hidden tricks! Exhibition and sale, the relationship between artists and curators cooperation do exhibition, curator and auction, auction company directly cooperation main participating artists and curators hold art fund is contract relationship... All this shows that it is just a circle a few artists, art fund at a trade fair.

 

Chinese society has made a lot of deformed "star", the star in the Internet age, the truth is ruthless revealed, the fake behind the "star", hiding the countless lies. With the advent of the Internet age, weibo and the prevalence of WeChat, since the media become a communication tool and information source of choice for most people. At a time when "celebrities" is very difficult to do, because often in illusion will be in a few minutes break, and long-term of shaping the image of "good" may disappear after a few minutes. Many strange "success" case, such as the early sister lotus, feng, to dry lulu... Seems fair fame means success, no matter is the reputation or infamous, eventually had contact with "benefit". Art world knows Chinese na, of course, due to the loss of the bottom line of bad hype, let us to the artists and curators, lost confidence at the same time. If all the day price clinch a deal the works are true. A picture of were selling for 100000 yuan less than three years ago, now want to buy more than ten million or even fifty million. This price is the price of the market's top contemporary artists from Europe and America, than even in the early of the republic of China art master huang, qi baishi, price is also high. It had the obvious malicious hype tendency of speculative capital. Can't say all the auctions and "day price" price manipulation and do innings, but take aim at arbitrage profits price manipulation is really exist. Most current almost impossible to get artwork in the market price of the three years ago, basically between thousand and three hundred thousand. That is to say, in the past two years in the auction will be a similar amount to more than one hundred millions of acquisitions to work, two, three years at the auction to ten million or even fifty million, and sell it to some love but don't know much about art, art is very rich but impulse purchase collectors, to seek exorbitant profits. Since 2006 auction for the emergence of can clearly conclude that: there exists a phenomenon of "day price bureau" art auction, art auction market price manipulation, most of the work for transaction is actually a "false". Even a small part of the real deal, these works of art for level and international status has also been too exaggerated. And the art of the current market price is far beyond the actual art value.

 

Art auction will be a normal "support", but China's current "day price bureau" is beyond the normal auction business protection category, but severe violation of business rules and academic standards, the use of the media and the new investors the new art of ignorance, and impulse purchase for profiteering. Currently works for the so-called artists is mainly refers to the past 15 years have certain achievement and popularity in the field of contemporary painting artist, but the composition of the group is also very complex. But mainly in the mid eighty s and early eighty s debut two batches. Some at the auction are packaged into star for the painter to plead, his painting is marked to twenty million or even fifty million auction, they are not assigned to the tens of millions, because the picture is used to sell more than 20. Prepare for who is the man behind the scenes? Art circle has been controversial. "Day price" mainly by purchased a batch of paintings or hype hype group people to operate, do no relationship with the painter personal. Recent rumours some painter to draw their own to the auction to "price", this is mainly some star artist following the second and third line of the painter. Is not eligible to participate in most of the contemporary artists do, because they have not enough art popularity and has certain market foundation works of "bureau". Although star painters of the market price at auction works are tens of millions, but in fact the studio selling price can not be more than never. Auction and painters for private sale price is not the same price, even may be only a third of the auction day price is less than.

 

Chinese art auction an immature lies in: the art masterpiece of ten years ago and in new price not big difference, and in the west is very open, such as Picasso's masterpiece can fetch a $, but hundreds of thousands of dollars are also likely to general works, can't be in a period of time every picture is a billion. But China's sky-high works only in recent years have just finished my new paintings, just repeat the same image and style of work ten years ago. This decade almost tantamount to draw a picture in, sell a sky-high, international art history from without precedent. In the auction, for other is not the name of the second-rate painter, three, four circulations painters and young artist market sales are bullish on all the way, ready to sell tens of a. The whole art world so formed a sky-high auction as the axis of value chain, the auction day price become the real academic "authority", whose work has become a star, for he is in river's lake into "academic representatives". An increasing number of young artists believe that as long as find the capital support, made money, everything else is easy to fix. Critics can be hired to write articles, journals can spend money on the layout, the auction can look for the boss to do, as long as the river in legend made millions or tens of millions of you, you are a person, others will soon to you sit up and take notice. The art affects ecological pattern of course can't say that all people, there are many good artists in the art of experiments and exploration, but it is undeniable that a few years the commercialization of the contemporary art from escalating. Actually in creating an auction of contemporary art and the star system as the main body for the commercialization of the games, the result is that the marketization of avant-garde art.

 

Chinese society is the new avant-garde art in the past 20 years of hard work to pay tribute, capital and media began to fully support the Chinese contemporary art, hope that the cultural art group can continue to keep the posture, shape international influence for China's new culture; The art circles because of the influx of a large number of orders, art more and more people are using the last two decades rebellion and to explore its image and reputation, turning it into batch production of "symbol" product, the legendary successful painter must pay for the gunners factory production, is not unfounded. Studio artist with large and assistant, like a personal symbol product production organizers and art entrepreneurs. Some star artist because too many orders, they will also receive a variety of business customers and studio to buy buyers directly. Almost have no time to explore the art. Although every picture is not the same as the absolute sense, but change an Angle to draw a, in a small details changed, is actually a disguise "copy". This has not explore the new value to sell is the representative work of the same price as ten years ago. But buyers and whether these, most people buy the purpose is not to collect, is to buy shares, art and sell it to the next one. Rob to draw more people, the price of the painting is rising, the phenomenon of clivia, like many years ago, the art trade in fact is in the nature of "pyramid". This regardless of the art of speculative capitalization operation rules, as auction for more and more high, many dangerous art investors pouring into, and the risk of "Wolf" are also growing. It mainly for auction price will be ten years cycle shortened to run all the way high three years, more and more beyond the psychological endurance of buyer groups. Another reason is that most of the day price painter, even including some of the young painter of the second and third tier, not through the gallery of the primary market long-term matting, directly on the auction house, which not only cause the auction price and gallery, studio the selling price of the double track, will also make several times higher than gallery market auction day price to become a kind of long-term marketable in false price. All of this, have been named as curator and the trace of the organizers of the "hype" painstakingly, greed, ambition and the pursuit of "eyeball economy" impetuous mentality.

 

American pop art master Andy Warhol (Andy Warhol, 1928-1987) famously "everyone can be successful for 15 minutes" as many artists pursues the golden rule. Especially in China, the artist in order to attract eyeball, is, by hook or by crook. Means used by artists also limited to individual behavior, has yet to reach the social and personality the bottom line. The reason for this. In Beijing are billions of auction by a little-known "Shanghai yuan Henry zhen auction co., LTD.", while China's auction company shall not be beyond the implementation of the auction business, so the auction is not only ineffective but illegal. Even considering from normal commercial risk, select the local Beijing auction company is preferred, because no matter from collectors experience, customer resources or artwork auction auction company of Beijing have many to choose from. Paradox is in particular, zhen yuan Henry has little art auction before the auction company experience, even, yuan zhen auction company's name is Henry from 31 October 2012 from harry can only auction co., LTD., the change. However "7.25 art fire" is challenged the moral bottom line of human society, in order to attract eyeballs, manufacturing topic news, obtain economic benefits, even the "plot" fire. The blaze has nothing to do with art, it has been a controversy in the art market game rules and human morals

Posted by Yuan Chu Chen on 6/30




Yuan Chu Chen Capital with the changes in the exhibition mechanism

 

Yuan Chu Chen

Capital with the changes in the exhibition mechanism

 

Chinese scholars for academic exploration of contemporary art artistic genes determine its necessarily positive, positive means to get rid of the academic theory of stereotypes, with radical on concept, that is to say, art direction of narrow sense and academic theory must be go, must be clear and pointed, refused to confusion and no quarter degree "climb relatives", only then could produce high quality academic function in the sense of overall value and social cognition, to live up to its own mission and purpose. The main reason, there are several, one is to fit a certain period of political and ideological propaganda, under the premise of this, the so-called directivity and critical is impossible. Another kind is not sufficient research and argumentation, just use a inertial thinking, to a certain time nodes or festivals, held a retrospective or case. There are some association to to type classification by artists or group exhibitions. Because almost every time is temporary exhibition, so the planning and preparation time is very urgent. West for two to three years of prophase investigation, research and accumulation, and we only about 1/10 or 1/20 of the time. The so-called fire makes sweet malt, so fast? Time factor, but also the funds investment. A lot of stakeholders investment of the construction of the museum, only consider the cost of building a house, as for the collection, exhibition, such as operating entirely out of place in the consideration. Therefore, as for the relevant government departments, cannot be art exhibition noisy and confused, the superficial prosperity should see behind it exists many problems, seriously consider how to on the source, planning, supervision on effective control and guidance.

 

We can blame that a group of artists in techniques on imitation or even copy the western masters, but cannot deny their history in order to break through the ice courage to explore and art. Such as a representative of the first generation of abstract painting after China's reform and opening up, ding yi - painting "ten shows" series, what does not seem to be innovative, but the value of his is in again has been interrupted blood relation of Chinese abstract painting. It should be said that many artists like his attitude toward the artistic creation is sincere. Chinese scholars for academic exploration of contemporary art, there are two outstanding characteristics. First of all, each scholar from one's own knowledge structure and research fields for academic theory, combined with their own professional interest in and express itself has no problems, but mostly to an abrupt end, the beginning, always biased and amateur talk about feeling impression to the person; Second, a large number of concentrated around the perspective of sociology, politics, culture and philosophy and so on to talk about, there is little analysis of aesthetics and art ontology, and overall careful rigorous induction. These theories is a sense, it is to be reckoned with, but the problem is that we are talking about too much! Everyone speak very reasonable, but it's too such as sociology, politics, culture and philosophy truth is that there is no aesthetic and art truth, not practical to solve the problem. The current China's realistic situation, need great macro theory, need more specific academic theoretical research of art ontology and have real and active guidance, the landing of art. Before the capital has not been involved in the 1990 s in the field of art, is chosen for a show or solo exhibitions for an artist creation ability and level of a kind of recognition and affirmation. The exhibition on the academic and artistic quality, the exhibition is a requirement and the threshold. Even when the exhibition as a whole is no more point to academic thinking, basic it is a good work together, also is to look at at least ensure the exhibition and able to bear or endure look.

 

Capital after intervention, fundamentally changed the original pattern of exhibition and exhibition mechanism. When we haven't had time to rejoice, for the exhibition mode is more and more diversified art exhibitions are transmuted into a commercial marketing means. Art exhibitions are present on the phenomenon of a kind of art, is a kind of artistic spirit of inquiry, is a kind of artistic direction of academic theoretical exploration in the future. So if lost their own academic art exhibition, lost PiPanLi of culture, art exhibition to commercial marketing results also can't reach. Eager to ordinary goods that simplification of marketing to operate a pick up an art exhibition, the results are the low level of repetition. And some charity art exhibition held situation is not optimistic, it involves more ideas and consciousness. Although, charity art exhibition held, there is no commercial considerations and stress, but for the moment, the purpose of art exhibitions is relatively backward, still is a kind of reporting and display. Then hang up the picture, the wag of the good work, it all seems to be an art exhibition. About "plagiarism" criticism of contemporary art of China was once very popular, this view, with the F4 (zhang xiaogang, wang anyi, fang lijun and yue minjun) as the representative of Chinese contemporary artists, creation is given priority to with political subject matter, technique to imitate the "plagiarism") of (a bit tough said western expressionism in the 60 s or pop art gimmick, work form ugly, exaggeration and even bloody, ideas aiming at ugliness and deconstruction.

 

Some artists in the late is repeating itself, showed no art pursuit and innovative spirit of transcending oneself. There is no lack of among them some question naming names. Said such as zhang xiaogang, the image of the "family" is reminiscent of the Belgian surrealist painter Rene Margaret. Wang guangyi political pop series is obvious from the American pop art founder Andy warhol's ideas; Zhang Huan composite materials, CAI fireworks works can be found in the new German expressionist painter Anselm kiefer shadow; Mr. Liu's painting is to imitate is known as the the greatest painter Lucian Freud, and so on. A double description of contemporary art in broad sense and narrow sense is a very common way of defining. But broad wide exactly where, how narrow narrow, there is not fixed, often broad and broad, narrow and more narrow, under any one definition for on its circumference is narrow, relative to the circumference is generalized. The most general theory is that all deposits and in the exhibition space form of art is contemporary art, such as architecture, film, musical theater, performance art, public facilities, products, etc., are overrun, this view is the understanding of contemporary art is very poor, only the space art and mechanical composition together; Still have a kind of generalized, began to emphasize the contemporary and effectiveness, to the contemporary art as a special phenomenon is studied as independent, but it is not constrained by the specific form and expression; Have determined the positioning of contemporary art in art and design art category, emphasizes the material, return to visual art shape.

 

Contemporary art is closer to a kind of intellectuals in the middle of the social space for the value judgment of the whole society and spiritual expression, this aspect is often a critical opinion. The notion of broad sense and narrow sense have been out of date, both confrontation shows the economist is not sensitive to the current concept of contemporary art development and the progress of the disregard of social reality. For spiritual confusion and give up the contemporary art of China has been in addition to selling political symbol and "the spirit" the Chinese image art speculation, academic theory seems to have can't find what promote art forward effective motivation. However, the lack of spiritual stick to one-sided symbolic language will inevitably to repeat and dried up. In this state, the right to review and look at the tradition, draw nutrition and inspiration from the traditional, carry forward the traditional culture as well as academic theoretical way to own needs of contemporary art, has become some of the suffering consciousness of artists and theorists have art consensus.

Posted by Yuan Chu Chen on 6/29




Yuan Chu Chen New literati painting and new ink painting

 

Yuan Chu Chen

New literati painting and new ink painting


The discussion and practice of the new literati painting has not been interrupted. New literati painting and with the new ink has a inextricably linked, because after all, the so-called literati painting is the core is the ink interest. New literati painting emphasizes the concept of culture, and the new ink is some backward materials, confuse the public. However, as a traditional literati painting practice style in modern, new literati painting and the new Chinese ink and wash for many years made considerable development, such as Zhu Xinjian, Liu Qinghe, Li Jin, martial arts and other artists have emerged, but also the emergence of active Explorer such as Zhangyu, Wang Tiande, Zhang Qiang modern ink and wash. Time has proven that regardless of how the concept or the label is used, the new ink if only from the particularity of the material to a different attitude to the western art system is a innovation of excitement Ah Q must be no way out, is of no significance. Ink and wash, as the core of Chinese traditional arts and the material properties, the essence of the spirit of the literati painting. This is the fundamental difference between the western art model, but also the foundation of Chinese art and the premise of the new life in the present. It is not difficult to find from the analysis of picture and charm, contemporary literati painting in ancient people generally on the basis of the simplified. The Song Dynasty Guan Qing eight et al style to the extreme. Composition, often a character, a tree, a strain of banana, a crane and a sandalwood is the picture, some even draw a bowl, or a spider hanging hanging down. This kind of artistic style innovation originally seems to be understandable, "the simple meaning of the pen", "meaning to the pen is not to" is the pursuit of the realm, but this is precisely caused by the spread of the contemporary literati painting. Many people culture and painting foundation vain, eager for quick success and to become famous, in a very short time exercise one or two kind of symbolic language, as Rohan, fish, bamboo, and so on, under the banner of "vacant", "artistic conception" under the guise of swagger through the streets by three axes "walk in the political arena. Barbara is not enough ink "," ethereal "for the" artistic conception "; incompetent, subject platform.
The ancients for landscape, Buddhism and Sijunzi feelings in a number of contemporary artists in the hands of more condensed into a simple meditation and self admiration. Traditional literati painting care on the surface to see nothing but a tree with one stone, a fish a crane, but behind it is great weather, great care, is a kind of Zhuang Zhou Shi, I forgot, or eight like yishiduli kangkaibeige. And contemporary many so-called new literati painters due to lack of culture, society and the nature of the care and experience is not deep, it is difficult to truly experience Chinese culture in "small" and "large" dialectical relationship and leads to the picture of the "gas shortage". Results the small paintings into a fun little, small weather is a genteel self deception. The separation of traditional context, so that the contemporary society for the traditional arts, especially the literati painting the spirit of the pursuit and the soul of the pursuit of a great. In the time of sieve cleanse except and repeatedly historical events under, two thousand years of cultural accumulation now only vague memories and messy symbols. The vague memories of the past and the instinct to back, so that today we actually have little to rely on. And in the art market, a large number of speculative style of the so-called new literati paintings of the literati painting these sporadic, messy memories and symbols as the access to vanity fair passes. The simplification of traditional literati painting is understandable, but also the trend of the moment. But the literati painting has its own boundaries and the bottom line, beyond, it can not be called literati painting. This boundary is not only expressed in the gene sequences of the picture language, but also in the interest and spiritual dialogue and continuity. Or whatever else is new literati painting, new ink or not to no future affectation is to juggling of rivers and lakes is not the bottom line.
New ink and wash painting in modern China has become a new growth point. The scale of modern calligraphy and painting is ten times that of contemporary art. Ink painting in today's spectacular and chaos, in experimental ink painting to modern ink painting to ink and wash painting, from traditional to modern, from the literati painting and Chinese painting to ink and wash painting, no "ink" not "the calligraphy and painting", ink and wash painting practice and theory, in the rapid development. But few of the creation of a separate real "contemporary ink special auction, many auction companies to" contemporary painting and calligraphy special replacement session of the "contemporary ink painting", their works to the auction is scattered in the contemporary painting and calligraphy concert. For example Beijing Poly "now retrospect of Chinese contemporary ink and wash thirty years night launched the contemporary Li Jin, Xu Lei, Liu Dan, Xu Hualing etc. ink works. Beijing Rong Bao changed last year new ink special settings, launched the "contemporary painting and calligraphy and ink special, launch ink Li Jin, Yang Ermin, Liu Yao, a-hai etc. of the artist's works, which Yang Ermin" flower season "(frame) works to 100.8 million yuan turnover; Li Jin created in 2012 the two paintings" Jiangnan scenery "(the mirror of the heart) and the spring of taste" (the mirror of the heart) respectively to 32.48 million yuan and 31.36 million yuan turnover. However, investors also said that at present, is still in the contemporary ink and wash painting, "thunder and no rain" the concept of speculation stage, because the Chinese art market experienced the throes of the contemporary art bubble burst, a large number of collectors in the face of contemporary ink and wash painting show "the crowd of onlookers not hunting" phenomenon. And contemporary ink and wash behind the operation of the capital in the face of the situation does not draw a large audience applauded also seem powerless, so contemporary ink so far distance breakthrough progress and distance

Posted by Yuan Chu Chen on 6/20




Yuan Chu Chen The absence of contemporary art noumenon


Yuan Chu Chen

The absence of contemporary art noumenon          

Excessive art market speculation in China caused by the phenomenon of high prices of art has been a considerable degree of containment, many of the so-called contemporary art have a high price of film or the price of a large number of. This is related to the lack of understanding and doubt about the empty symbolic tendency of contemporary art, the lack of spiritual commitment and lasting artistic vitality. Under this situation, China's contemporary art should make timely introspection and rational reflection and the return of the spirit to face and examine their own national traditional culture and arts, correctly treat the history of art and reconstruction of spiritual and Humanistic Care Bear, created from the inner spirit of the concept to the external form of language has distinctive national characteristics and the characteristics of the times works of art, the formation of the organic unity between inner spirit, the external form and sign language. No matter for Chinese contemporary art itself, or for the continuation of Chinese traditional culture, Renaissance and spiritual reconstruction, it is of constructive significance.           The art of the Republic of China is a relatively self-contained system, the context is clear, has its own unique language and symbol characteristics. Oriental Art system from spirit to form the main part from Daqing green small green to pale purple, ink, lyrics, Recai, collision and later the Chinese and Western arts, from Zhan Ziqian to Han Gan, huangquan, fan Kuan, Huang Gongwang, to four monks, Four Wangs and Huang Binhong, Qi Baishi, Lin and Xu Beihong, whether from for the particular realization of material, or to for China's unique natural view, view of the universe, traditional Chinese art have their strong its face and symbolic characteristics, on neighboring countries and the world art has far-reaching influence. Although the art of the Republic of China mainly displays in the process of collision and integration of Chinese and Western culture and art, but after all, it is the continuation of the traditional art chain and the inevitable result. During the period of the Republic of China, oil painting as a foreign painting, due to various reasons rapidly expanding their own advantages, began to rise to rival and the Chinese painting art form and will this advantage into the new China. The reason is very complex, but nothing more than the two main reasons, one is Chinese painting has a high degree of maturity, the history of the masters has almost exhausted all the possibilities, and the Republic of China and the China too have lost context of Chinese painting. The second is social unrest, the contrast between eastern and Western power disparity makes people from all walks of life in China generally produced a fear and a sense of inferiority, to rush from the break of the old order and closer relations with the Western powers, the non rational impulse of change in the cultural and artistic performance is particularly prominent.           Not only is the opposition of the contemporary artists of the ontology is ignored, as the elite art school artists didn't get ontology research and practice to promote in-depth situation, is still in a state of relatively conservative and rigid burdened with complicated and heavy historical heritage. College is the most in-depth study of art ontology, but domestic academic art groups did not deep enough to carry out relevant research, but often seem anachronistic, and under an official mainstream ideology consciously avoid the risk of art ontology experiment, reluctantly into pure technical repetitive work. And art criticism circles of ontological problems also did not pay attention to, the hand. Many critics and curators finds the breakthrough of contemporary art still have to continue to rely on the renovation of language form, or to rely on a sharp criticism of the ideology of a society to complete. This judgment in general this is not what is wrong, but due to too simple and rough, and quick success, without the premise of ontology of artistic accomplishment, language called renovation is a pattern of alchemy, continue to implement the modernism already failure of linear evolution scheme, or reduced to at the end of the crossbow, or evolution is dazzling landscape competition; and ignore the art ontology, one-sided emphasis on art and social intervention actually exceeded the modernity since the autonomy of art, aesthetic independent boundaries, make art out of the roots of the self, caught in a dilemma, forced retreat of the art itself, completely assimilated into the literature material, sociology archives. Art has become an issue of anthropology, sociology, politics and culture, what is the difference between academic research and social activities? What does it do?           Art will be digested, even if it does not seem to be disintegrated and it does not seem to provide constructive inspiration for other disciplines, it has not put forward a new and valuable thinking and cognition. In globalization, fragmentation of today, the art of their own philosophy, spirit, society and its own ontology still need to find a solid balance, in expression and context of the seesaw, cannot be lack of art ontology analysis this ring. "85" the crisis of the late exposure to the kind of crisis in the process of China's market economy has been rapidly enlarged. The smiling faces of Cynical Realism, gaudy art and Political Pop Art in commercial unexpected success, making many artists seem to find contemporary art "shortcut", a large number of similar wooden "big face", neuroticism and lack of spirit bear the political symbol of simple splicing, ridicule and become the darling of the art market. Chinese contemporary art has been on the basis of traditional separated reduced to Western art capital and market post colonial cultural shaping tools. Some people think that these artists are sensitive to the hidden meaning of the special meaning, and then put it into a very state of the Absurd Art context, cause people to reflect on the reality"  

Posted by Yuan Chu Chen on 6/20




Yuan Chu Chen Value of art criticism

Yuan Chu Chen

Value of art criticism
No art, no art criticism?


In English, criticism is critic, and crisis and critic is a word, meaning there is a critical moment, to choose, to evaluate the meaning, that is to say, critic's original intention is not just criticism. And we have been criticized for a different understanding, criticism is not only involved in the term of criticism. In architecture (my sister, I was studying architecture to a greater extent on how to choose between architecture and theory, to evaluate the larger area. In order to avoid such a misunderstanding, from the definition of the definition of accuracy, the criticism should be called the review is actually more appropriate. That is to say, the theory of criticism involves a wider range of theories and our basic understanding of Art (Architecture). Only by learning to criticize, to understand and criticize, to better understand art criticism is conducive to the development of art. This advantage is able to guide the objective, impartial, professional judgment, in fact, in a variety of different social development stage, to be objective, impartial, professional criticism is a very difficult thing. The objects of art criticism include all kinds of art phenomena, such as art works, art movement, artistic trends, art schools, artistic style, artistic creation and art criticism itself. The center is a work of art. Art criticism can either refer to an activity or the outcome of the activity. Art criticism can not be separated from art appreciation, but the two are fundamentally different. Art appreciation has the characteristics of more perceptual activities, art criticism is a rational activity as the feature of scientific analysis, thesis activity. Art criticism is one of the principal methods of struggle in the art world, "letting a hundred flowers blossom and a hundred schools of thought contend" policy embodied in artistic activities. To carry out correct art criticism, can help artists to sum up the experience of creation, improve the level of creativity; can help to appreciate the art of improve the ability to appreciate, correct appreciation of works of art, can also make a variety of artistic thinking, creative ideas, art schools, art style interaction and debate. Because art critics always analyze and evaluate the artistic phenomena based on a certain world outlook, aesthetic view and artistic view, therefore, it has a strong subjective consciousness. Art criticism should use the correct standpoint, viewpoint and method as far as possible, follow the principle of seeking truth from facts, and make the analysis and interpretation of the artistic phenomenon in a practical and appropriate way.
Real art criticism is a kind of writing activity with independent thinking and judgment, its subjectivity is greater than objectivity, which reflects the strong personality and attitude of the writer. The more with independent attitude and viewpoint of criticism, with more criticism of the value and readability, that cautiously, bamianlinglong criticism is not a criticism. From the broad sense of Chinese, there is no strict distinction between criticism and criticism, in essence, they are completely different, their distinction is not determined by the concept, but the objective facts and the specific phenomenon of the decision. Criticism (critic) is a core subject in question, denial and criticism. Among them, animadvert is the most extreme, and the subject is criticized. Of course, they are the main functions of the correction of the narrow and the wrong, regardless of the criticism or criticism. Comments (comment) is a kind of interpretation, the main mode of affirmation, but also a kind of common traditional criticism, the purpose is to improve the level of appreciation. In the modern sense, art criticism is developed from the traditional literary criticism, which is in a broad sense, which belongs to the scope of criticism, because criticism is not a general comment, which highlights its special form. That is to say, the development of art requires more and more academic theory, so that the criticism must be in the form of self perfection, and become an indispensable part of the theoretical system of art. Therefore, it is difficult to comment and criticize in the form, and the mutual restriction and opposition between them are favorable to the internal perfection of the academic thought. Criticism to different expertise in different areas, like art criticism and conventional art criticism and history research, between their existing knowledge and experience on a universal, criticism but by denying, questioning and criticism as a function model, and interpretive comments to critical arguments. Help people better appreciation of works of art, improve the appreciation ability and appreciation of the level of easy to understand the profound ideological connotation of the works of art and the real artistic charm, often not suddenly be able to comprehend and grasp, which requires art criticism to discover and evaluation of outstanding art, guidance and help the masses of art appreciation. Only to evaluate the film as an example, in the middle period of the eighties of the 20th century China film press once reached 400 kinds of, the "popular film" and other publications circulation was as high as 1 million copies. At the same time, mass reviews activities also in the country to carry out a wide range and improve the wide audience of film aesthetic level, promote the vigorous development of new period of film art. Through the evaluation of works of art, the formation of feedback to the artistic creation, artistic creation is a complex mental production, artists need to readers, audience, listeners and critics help to profoundly know yourself, constantly improve themselves. Cao Xueqin in the masterpiece "a dream of Red Mansions" in the process of writing, is listening to the opinions, revise and improve, "studying for ten years, additions and deletions five", especially Zhiyanzhai comment more considerably, disclosed according to the "fat" criticism, Qin Keqing death the story, Cao Xueqin is based on his

Nietzsche "s theory towards drama and the true event two reactions distinguish between, including Apollo and Dionysus, introduced on behalf of the sense and sensibility. This is all the two checks and balances. For example, watching a movie, some people tend to technical means of analysis, such as from photography, editing and so on, while others tend to forget the nature of the film but from the emotional analysis, such as music, drama, art, etc.. The first is a more understanding and acceptance, first of all, to understand and identify with the object of criticism, rather than to create a distance between the author and the critics. The subject of criticism must have my thinking, but the view that we are evaluating a thing will be influenced by the thought itself. Because everyone has different thinking of the things experienced, so there will be differences in thinking. That's why "one thousand readers have one thousand Hamlett". The same image is different in the eyes of everyone. I am thinking of all kinds of criticism in the common thinking, in the literature can also find the same example. In a dream of Red Mansions, "the experts see the" easy ", scientists see prostitution, wets see Chanmian, rumor see things Gongwei ST". "Without art, there is no criticism", what is the problem? First of all, criticism is the use of certain methods of criticism of the art of research, art is the object of criticism. Here, art is the object, and the critics are the main body. The criticism is the reflection of the subject of criticism to the art object in a certain way. No art of this kind of research object, of course, there is no such research object of art criticism, so, in this sense, "no art, no criticism" is right. This is from the things that happened things happen preconditions or discipline and said, in this sense, we can not only say "no art, no criticism", we can also said "there is no subject of criticism, there can be no criticism", "no criticism method, there is no criticism" and so on. Secondly, the criticism as the subject of the art of the object of consciousness, because of the existence of consciousness, therefore, art is the first, criticism is the second, art criticism, criticism from belong to art. In this sense, it can be said that "there is no art, no criticism". This is from the substance and spirit of philosophy, and awareness of the relationship, then the art is to expand the concept of, not only artists to create works of art, also includes art history and art creation of Humanities and science. However, to the first point to understand to illustrate the criticism of subordinate and attached to art, not beyond the value and meaning of art, completely irrelevant. Because here, art criticism but the premise of the occurrence, between them is causal relationship, there is no "subordination", "attachment", "slave", "attachment" is for two main things, and rely on relationships. And the meaning of the above second points to explain the value and significance of the criticism of the subordinate and attached to the art, not beyond art, also has serious problems. In this case, the people who think that criticism is meaningless in art refers to the relationship between criticism and artistic creation. Their so-called art refers to the concept of "artistic creation". In this case, although according to decide the existence of consciousness can also be said art decided to criticism, but this only is the criticism and already the relationship between art, for example, for works of art comment. The study of art history, art theory summary and so on, this argument is no problem, but for Pioneer criticism, it is often the possibility to explore the art of, is the art of the bud of the forward-looking, beyond the theory exploration. Art did not exist at this time, has not been artists, just a possibility, how the art decided to attack it? How can we say that "no art, no criticism"? This time doesn't actually exist "(Pioneer) pioneer art and criticism", only "(Pioneer) artist and pioneer criticism", the so-called "(Pioneer) artist" will always be there. And this is the opening and closing said "no art, which have criticism" of the artist, is the muddleheaded, helpless critics did not realize, in their consciousness, "(Pioneer) artist and pioneer criticism" is unconsciously stealing into the relationship of "pioneer art and avant-garde criticism", so according to decide the existence of consciousness, that avant-garde art decided to pioneer criticism, avant garde criticism also on into avant garde art decided to trap (in fact, at this time is not avant-garde art was created) criticism will never be get beyond the already art value and significance. This is the "no art, which has the criticism?" this control criticism (home), so that criticism (home) as if the secret of the eternal meaning of the curse of the secret.

 

Posted by Yuan Chu Chen on 6/18




Yuan Chu Chen Art criticism has the characteristics of duality

 

Yuan Chu Chen
Art criticism has the characteristics of duality

Give full play to the art criticism in the process of artistic production and circulation of information feedback and positive regulation role, see a work has to express the author's original intention, the audience is easy to produce distortion. There are some problems to pay special attention to. First of all, the appreciation of art is often related to the historical background of the human environment and so on. The above criticism should be put in the correct context, otherwise the criticism itself is a distortion of the work of art. Secondly, the subjective world expressed by art is often not specific, but it does not mean that it is not exact. I do not have the exact expression of the subjective world of the works I do not recognize it as a work of art, can only be called up to the arts. Some works of art expression of just the author are not specific to some kind of affection, we will not be able to a hodgepodge of specific specific thought everything to pour, and United States and fine sounding name: "everything." This kind of behavior is extremely irresponsible for artists and their audiences, even for their critics. The problem of the beauty of the form of art, the success of technical means to create the form of art. The thought of art is often attached to this form to express, is the intermediary between the two, it is both the idea and the bearer of the audience to attract the audience. The beauty of form causes the pleasure of the audience's senses, which lays the foundation for the rational pleasure of the audience, and the appreciation of the inner world of the author is realized in the process of pursuing the rational pleasure. Formal beauty here become a rational combination of technology and flowers, parcel pollen from the author's inner world, attracts the audience to come to gather honey and will lead to honey. And the inner world that the author wants to express is transmitted to all directions in this process. Form is subject to technology, and the author's intention is also determined by the form. Form can not be very good to reconcile the two aspects of the requirements and create a form of beauty, which should also be very important. Consciousness to see this work to express the subjective world itself is good.. The criticism here is actually the most important part of the criticism. Some people think that the lack of good or bad ideas, no way to judge, and even some people think that as long as they do not violate the law, all of the ideas should be equal, there is no good or bad points. I think it is necessary to distinguish between good and bad ideas. Some immoral, even anti human thought, although not in violation of the law, but I also very difficult to it with some of the noble ideas of the same. So I try to use a standard to measure the thought, this standard is: the thought itself is the human embodiment of the ultimate concern, or is not the expression of human nature. A piece of art is not independent of human nature, because it is the product of the inner world of the artist. So it must be the product of human nature. Which depict the artist's subjective world is thinking and feeling of human. Only when this thinking and feeling is beneficial to human beings, the whole process of expressing the inner world of the artist is meaningful. And see whether a work of art is in line with the interests of all human standard is to see whether it is consistent with human nature. Or is it only a description of the work of human nature and reflects the ultimate concern for human beings.


Art criticism has the characteristics of duality, namely the unification of science and art. Art criticism is scientific. Art critic on the basis of art appreciation, the use of philosophy, aesthetics and art theory, works of art and art of analysis and research, and makes the judgment and evaluation, providing people with a theoretical and systematic knowledge. The scientific nature of art criticism makes it necessary to draw on the views, theories and methods from various disciplines of social science and natural science, showing a trend of diversification and integration. Art criticism with art, art criticism as a special science. Unlike other scientific. It not only needs a calm mind, and requires a strong feelings, is inseparable from the rational analysis, but can not be separated from the artistic feelings. Art criticism must to art appreciation of the specific feelings as a starting point, and outstanding critic should have a keen awareness, rich imagination and strong emotional experience, so as to understand and grasp the work success or failure. At the same time, art criticism has ambiguity, hazy characteristic and limitations. Why not let the artist go? Why do artists have to be bothered by the noise of the arts? Why are those who can't create the art of their own but want to comment on the artistic value of others? There is no art, no criticism? "The meaning is: there is no art, there is no criticism. They always think that all the critics of the concept of art, art theory, art is the first, the criticism is the second creation is from belongs to the artist's art works created by critics but is interpretation of the artist's art creation, and summarized; for in the development of art criticism did not go beyond the value and meaning of art; criticism is subordinate and attached to the art. This understanding of the relationship between art and criticism is very common in Chinese artists, and in 2011 Fang Li, an artist and critic, had a direct view of criticism (criticism) in the debate over the value of the dialogue. In the argument, force directly that art is the first, the criticism is the second, critical for the function of art is very small, even negligible, art (home) can need not criticize (home), like an animal's existence

Posted by Yuan Chu Chen on 6/18




Yuan Chu Chen Art criticism has the characteristics of duality

 

Yuan Chu Chen
Art criticism has the characteristics of duality

Give full play to the art criticism in the process of artistic production and circulation of information feedback and positive regulation role, see a work has to express the author's original intention, the audience is easy to produce distortion. There are some problems to pay special attention to. First of all, the appreciation of art is often related to the historical background of the human environment and so on. The above criticism should be put in the correct context, otherwise the criticism itself is a distortion of the work of art. Secondly, the subjective world expressed by art is often not specific, but it does not mean that it is not exact. I do not have the exact expression of the subjective world of the works I do not recognize it as a work of art, can only be called up to the arts. Some works of art expression of just the author are not specific to some kind of affection, we will not be able to a hodgepodge of specific specific thought everything to pour, and United States and fine sounding name: "everything." This kind of behavior is extremely irresponsible for artists and their audiences, even for their critics. The problem of the beauty of the form of art, the success of technical means to create the form of art. The thought of art is often attached to this form to express, is the intermediary between the two, it is both the idea and the bearer of the audience to attract the audience. The beauty of form causes the pleasure of the audience's senses, which lays the foundation for the rational pleasure of the audience, and the appreciation of the inner world of the author is realized in the process of pursuing the rational pleasure. Formal beauty here become a rational combination of technology and flowers, parcel pollen from the author's inner world, attracts the audience to come to gather honey and will lead to honey. And the inner world that the author wants to express is transmitted to all directions in this process. Form is subject to technology, and the author's intention is also determined by the form. Form can not be very good to reconcile the two aspects of the requirements and create a form of beauty, which should also be very important. Consciousness to see this work to express the subjective world itself is good.. The criticism here is actually the most important part of the criticism. Some people think that the lack of good or bad ideas, no way to judge, and even some people think that as long as they do not violate the law, all of the ideas should be equal, there is no good or bad points.This understanding of the relationship between art and criticism is very common in Chinese artists, and in 2011 Fang Li, an artist and critic, had a direct view of criticism (criticism) in the debate over the value of the dialogue. In the argument, force directly that art is the first, the criticism is the second, critical for the function of art is very small, even negligible, art (home) can need not criticize (home). I think it is necessary to distinguish between good and bad ideas. Some immoral, even anti human thought, although not in violation of the law, but I also very difficult to it with some of the noble ideas of the same. So I try to use a standard to measure the thought, this standard is: the thought itself is the human embodiment of the ultimate concern, or is not the expression of human nature. A piece of art is not independent of human nature, because it is the product of the inner world of the artist. So it must be the product of human nature. Which depict the artist's subjective world is thinking and feeling of human. Only when this thinking and feeling is beneficial to human beings, the whole process of expressing the inner world of the artist is meaningful. And see whether a work of art is in line with the interests of all human standard is to see whether it is consistent with human nature. Or is it only a description of the work of human nature and reflects the ultimate concern for human beings.


Art criticism has the characteristics of duality, namely the unification of science and art. Art criticism is scientific. Art critic on the basis of art appreciation, the use of philosophy, aesthetics and art theory, works of art and art of analysis and research, and makes the judgment and evaluation, providing people with a theoretical and systematic knowledge. The scientific nature of art criticism makes it necessary to draw on the views, theories and methods from various disciplines of social science and natural science, showing a trend of diversification and integration. Art criticism with art, art criticism as a special science. Unlike other scientific. It not only needs a calm mind, and requires a strong feelings, is inseparable from the rational analysis, but can not be separated from the artistic feelings. Art criticism must to art appreciation of the specific feelings as a starting point, and outstanding critic should have a keen awareness, rich imagination and strong emotional experience, so as to understand and grasp the work success or failure. At the same time, art criticism has ambiguity, hazy characteristic and limitations. Why not let the artist go? Why do artists have to be bothered by the noise of the arts? Why are those who can't create the art of their own but want to comment on the artistic value of others? There is no art, no criticism? "The meaning is: there is no art, there is no criticism. They always think that all the critics of the concept of art, art theory, art is the first, the criticism is the second creation is from belongs to the artist's art works created by critics but is interpretation of the artist's art creation, and summarized; for in the development of art criticism did not go beyond the value and meaning of art; criticism is subordinate and attached to the art. 

Posted by Yuan Chu Chen on 6/18




Is there any space for art criticism?

 

Yuan Chu Ghen

Is there any space for art criticism?


For centuries, art criticism has played a role in the role of art history, the elimination of shoddy work, and promote innovative, sophisticated art. Today, however, we never to modernism in the coffin of the Clement Greenberg (ClementGreenberg, 1909 1994, American art critic), also not as Neo realism of the name Pierre Restani (PierreRestany, 1930 - 2003, French art of critics) the. Artists and critics Caven Reid recalls, "when I started writing art criticism when -- that is in the 1980s New York East Village District, I think contemporary critics effect seems to be related to their predecessors vary. Commentary on the strength of the relationship between art and the public transparency is a kind of embodiment: critics more and more like the transmission of information, less and less pure analysis, they of well-known artists in the eyes of the public value and its influence is also getting smaller and smaller. This art dealer nature becomes more and more important. They are aggressively using their power to put the artist created a star. " Today's crony capital filled with art circles, in order to obtain the power, the formation of nepotism, form a circle. Art rookie without a circle of rudder to lead the way, never entered the circle, no person to lead the way is equal to from people to grasp, not subject to grasp the equal to people without being manipulated. What it boils down to, or interest. Today is experiencing the impact of the tide of goods, the most serious art criticism is a pyramid system, the essence of our art criticism is not the opposite problem, hit the nail on the head. Throughout the art world and analysis of trends in China's art and artist is into the world trend, or signs of the development trend and the thinking of an artist or is in a particular category, specific context system. Today's critics still have the power to guide the public's attention. Art critic Green Taylor said: "I walked into the museum or gallery, there are always people in close to the request of the tone of the voice asked me to report him, this situation is really numerous.
The museums and galleries are too many, the media outlets are too few, and they are all trying to get the opportunity to be commented on. Art theory, including art history and art criticism, people are most interested in criticism, followed by the theory, the second is the history of art. And in the theory of art criticism, the focus of criticism, and even cultural criticism, is not enough to develop. For a long time, art criticism is often mixed with political criticism, social criticism and market analysis. And what position in the ideological trend and the system of the context, and the reaction of the artists in all kinds of thoughts, ideas, aesthetics, and the measures, understanding and views. The artist is a large category of aesthetic scope or the traditional aesthetic category, all the works are also linked to the United States and the United states. It is on the basis of aesthetics to pursue others. Or the sociology of art, is to say that the problem is in order to strongly stresses the problem to participate in social problems, practices are not in the aesthetic scope, directly into the philosophy of. Works of art must be moved by people, to raise questions, to think, to criticize the problem. From the fundamental level of money, the value of the critics are not recognized. Even in the "Art Forum", "frieze" and the American Art "limelight most healthy art magazine published an article, a free art criticism royalties a mere 100 to 150 dollars. Critics Sarah Valdez SarahValdez long-term in the "American Art" and "paper" magazine published an article, she said: "over the past 10 years, I in New York in Art Publishing and writing art criticism. This simply can't feed my own. This situation makes me feel very helpless. I know, if I were to give an exhibition at a good time, the gallery and the artists would probably make more money. But I would never have thought I was in a position of power, whether I was a critic."
People today are more likely to see art criticism as a gateway to other more stable and higher income, profession such as art research, art consultation or a stepping stone to the sale of works of art. Under the background of market economy and globalization, and a phenomenon worthy of attention, that is relatively good art theorists of the talent, the identity of potential change, engage in art theory, art history, and all the criticism; engage in criticism and converted into curators. The curator of the National People's Congress is planning a modern art exhibition. There is a general connection between the critics and the gallery as a critic. Few critics work in the gallery, but there are a lot of critics who do a lot of short-term trading with the gallery, sometimes to help them take care of the show, sometimes to help them write exhibits introduced. A critic once on this kind of thing heaped ridicule: "the author as a critic, but is working a gunman or attorneys. His or her article must be approved before it is published. Perhaps we should put the number of reviews on the review, just as the price of a work of art is printed on the gallery directory." Art theory is more specific and need to have an under the heart to seriously study, but the art itself, not only the strength is insufficient, but also a bit impatient. Contemporary art theory criticism, some only talk about the problem of consciousness, don't speak artistic quality, only speak Chinese elements, don't speak Chinese spirit; some think content should

Posted by Yuan Chu Chen on 6/15




Yuan Chu Chen Chinese art cultural connotation including its theoretical form

 

Yuan Chu Chen

Chinese art cultural connotation including its theoretical form

There is only a panel discussion on art criticism at the Madrid modern international art fair, which is six and five times, respectively, and that is a very capable problem. To study the new situation, explore new ideas, break new challenges, and various elements of in-depth study of Chinese art cultural connotation including its theoretical form, a variety of new forms of a thorough study of the contemporary western art includes the related theory, actively thinking about the relationship between Chinese and foreign art culture in the interaction in the study of contemporary and traditional flower Chinese inside and outside of the system the strength of the introduction, integration, a variety of art and design art phenomenon, the concept and the social economic and cultural relations in the system of art theory to construct contemporary Chinese benefit by mutual discussion, with the original culture as exotic culture, elite culture to enhance the entertainment culture, the harmonious culture and culture reconstruction of chaos, see the historical and cultural heritage in the vertical, transverse fracture of the world cultural supplement. Critics seem to be in a position to be born passive and increasingly marginalized. In the final analysis, the critic's role in a large extent is still static, and art circles but have changed: its scale is expanding too big, let a person cannot have a general understanding; it changes too fast, faster than for deadline constraints of the critics unable to adapt to; in addition, art world have new channel for the flow of information, can hang the critics on the side. In not long ago, people on the continent but also by visiting critic to understand the latest situation in New York and London; today, a variety of art exhibition has played the role of seasonal trend barometer. If you on the far side of a show interest, as long as the Internet to see some pictures and news. There is a difference between reading the news and reading, and this has brought a new problem for Art Criticism: browsing is rapidly replacing reading. New York, one of the leading art dealers recalled an absurd thing: his gallery launched a new star, the youngster's first exhibition was in the New York Times lashed, concomitant response but let him ridiculous. He recalls, "it was two weeks, and there were people calling to congratulate me on the wonderful comments. They only saw a comment on the newspaper, but did not pay attention to the content of comments." According to the personal experience, Ms. Valdes also made similar views: the problem is not that critics of the power has been greatly weakened, but in most people have the intellectual inert. While reading most of the art reviews, it's difficult to think that it's really difficult to be sleepy all the time. Critics have to rely on the "criticism" to win the impact, and today's Art Criticism -- especially in the art magazine -- but often stop in the description and background. There are times when this is a theory: the act of judging art is out of date, but there are many observers doubt that the real reason is something more realistic. A senior art gallery in London said: "it's true, now the art critic is not a commentator. They can't stay, always seems to be thinking about something else in the art circle in what."
The art circle is a complex system composed of a number of interacting components. The critic really can rely on the power of one, that is, the ability to put forward original ideas. Timid, would not comment to anyone in the circle of art to bring any benefit: if most comments are positive, then there is no comment on what is valuable. If you're worried about sharp criticism discourage those vulnerable individuals, thus preventing art development, then think about William Kent ridge (WilliamKentridge and Contemporary South African artist) Thy: "critics of criticism and sharp, it is impossible to than himself as an artist in Chen Ling three imagine those more acerbic. China is in the process of rapid urbanization in the information age. Electronic media, digital media, in the form of image profoundly changing cultural ecology and artistic sensibility, swift development of urbanization, bringing the entertaining challenges traditional art function of mass culture. As with any organism, the art circle also need to the healthy development of leaf pruning shears. Therefore, critics -- they are -- scissors shears of leaves of the eclipse should arouse our attention. What can be done to allow them to continue to play a role? One way is to pay them enough to survive. If this is not the case, then we should let the reader understand the various interests behind the art criticism. In addition, the relentless pursuit of clear lucid, an engaging writing style will let more people to really read art criticism. While the current art theory and art criticism in advance with the times, but the idea is active and confused, so there is no in-depth discussion of contemporary art theory, criticism is bound to be impossible to learn. Some of the current theory is rich in historical mission and social responsibility, but the new situation and new problems are not enough to meet specific issues or political thinking. Some theories are accompanied by the introduction of the western theory of network media and urbanization from abroad, the lack of analysis, lack of combination of China's national conditions, it is widely accepted by the media and experts.
In the popular imagination, art critic seems to be a commanding role, can follow one's inclinations achievements or destroy a person

Posted by Yuan Chu Chen on 6/15




Yuan Chu Chen Practical significance of contemporary art

 

Yuan Chu Chen

Practical significance of contemporary art

 

Contemporary art for contemporary China, not only means that in a more broad field of vision of looking past all the objective existence of reminder of how healthy development of China in the development of practical significance and spirit of exploration, more means a kind of infinite possibilities. The development of contemporary art in China although the time is not long, but in China's new national culture to modern culture in the process of development, in the process of the globalization of China's integration into the world and shows its positive significance. Compared with modernism, more humanitarian independent personality of contemporary art to explore value; On the social form, it broke the traditional centralized creation mechanism; On the discipline construction, it promoted the development of the direction of diversification, with real practice democratic art atmosphere of "schools of thought contend, the flowers". "Contemporary art" in our midst. It focuses on with our lives and in our life, with the interaction of art, to enrich our life. With the rise of the market, in-depth development of community culture construction, more make art can enter the country. People into the "art of life", will no longer be a dream.

 

From the end of world war ii as the starting point, time concept artists all pruned away the functional sex of the art, so as to avoid the interference of objective factors, tried to continue in more complex situation gradually reveals the essence of art, but until today, "talk about art" is still considerable advantage in every aspect of the functional and inevitability. Thinking through language transformation, and through the time delay of air, will produce many misunderstanding and asymmetric information? Although most people cannot tell the difference between art and design field, but does not prevent talk to refer to the "art" of the culture creative collection when psychological pleasure. This pleasure to people oriented is superior, suggests that personal accomplishment and decent social hierarchy. The art itself also needs to be talking about its functionality. Not to go into the history of art was used as a religious or political tool of the imperial power or the aristocracy family decorates the propaganda and direction of functional daily, enlightenment in the artist's work contributed to the birth of the individual, in the era of the late capitalism, art can still wear out the consciousness of the global production assembly line, to continue to support and promote cultural diversity. In thinking and knowledge level on the demand of art also still reflect functional: known all kinds of scientific methodology must be based on the logical clue, whereas art with an incredible way of perception allows us to experience the real world and real world scenery. It is through these pragmatic or spiritual demand through several historical records, have been talking about, in different ideas across to the development of the system. Art in what is today? When we talk about the so-called contemporary art, although the lattice l tips we need "contemporary art" real "in the form of a completely not passing to capture and express the presence of reality." This is not a specific standard, and even to use in the more early genre of art seems to have been as true. Needless to say, however in today we see an artist "contemporary" state of mind tend to be more important in his work, because the core factor of work value is no longer a valuable material, consummate craft and unique characteristics, the value must be based on the concept of the artist. And once, we focus more on the psychological expectations of art has been called the "art" of art - paintings on the walls of the church or of the sculpture in the gallery. Art is art has been forgotten in the period of the history, the extension of today's concept of art is the artist, and can be perceived the flesh, the art of today use Benjamin's viewpoint is "lies in the artist may flicker flashes in the process of". Such a postmodern problems, answer the question seems to be should not is the person who are struggling to swim. In retrospect, after the new culture movement in the early 20th century, Chinese art began to absorb the western artistic skills, promote the reform of local art.

 

China's fundamental definitions and values of art in the modern world began under the influence of Europe. China's contemporary art from the mid - 1990 - s. After at that time, the door is open, the Chinese to learn from European and American modern and post-modern language system had great progress, various theory was introduced and spread by the media. Especially the coming of the era of Internet, make the pace of China's integration into the world. As China's social economy and consumption culture, there has been a major shift just found a new form of contemporary art soil and visual experience, so more and more thriving to become one of the important parts of Chinese society and culture today. It not only stimulated the subjectivity of the Chinese artists and enthusiasm, and to promote the development of art in the direction of diversification. Lang and Mr At the ullens center for contemporary art expression on the lecture of "today art is the art of" point of view, in other words the contemporary art is not a type of nouns, but set the style of music, video, news and other cultural forms of community. The practice of contemporary artists often between metaphysical philosophical thinking and have the characteristics of visual factors between daily life and at the same time after modernism period creator, the practice of art have broad cross-cultural effectiveness. Both critics and the public, when they stare or discuss art, realize that the creator across cultural boundaries, individual knowledge structure is touching the pleasure, but you should be how to treat this kind of pleasure? It is said that some creators for their own work standard is: the side of the brain is filled with various conversion formula which also calculate the trigger point, different people pleasure side already completed with modern art practice day after day. This kind of practice in the moment, especially within the scope of social public with "art" asylum umbrella and constantly adjust their own right. Foreign capital to enter and the rise of China's emerging art capital market, also make the Chinese contemporary art is becoming commercial and entertainment stars, consumption, lack of social criticism, not only on language form of modern art in the form of copying, imitating and fraud, "contemporary" is popular. Is among them, some people do not understand the so-called "contemporary" the exact meaning, some people's cultural level is low, some are too eager to "spoof", the negative influence of these phenomena are to be reckoned with. Crisis of contemporary art, we should still see today, is we the booming era of contemporary art the most dynamic, most powerful, the most contribution and open way of art. In the history of Chinese contemporary art in its not long already shows its unique vitality and significance.

 
 
Posted by Yuan Chu Chen on 6/14




Yuan Chu Chen The tangle of dealers

 

Yuan Chu Chen

The tangle of dealers

 

Chinese art market is at a stage of development, the art broker occupies a pivotal position in the art market. An unknown artist if you want to to the top of the career, to rely on professional dealers. But we must first agent in art market position and important role to promote the development of the art market have a sober understanding. Artists should focus on their academic creation, to understand what these markets business agent, so urgently need a large amount of mature art broker. Dealers are artists and art investment collection between the ties and Bridges, in the art market mechanism is sound, the brokerage system is very clear. At present, the level of the art market and the secondary art market there is a serious phenomenon of advanced placement, the art market agent system in China is not the lack of specification and art broker system has a certain relationship. The rapid development of the art market in our country, puts forward new requirements to the employees. As an important part of the art market, dealers should be how to position in the new environment, the developing direction should be how to adapt to this need, to solve these problems, the concept of art agent, agent needs to have the quality analysis of art, discusses strategies to promote the development of art broker, strives to establish related laws and regulations, and provide basis and reference for macro-control measures, is to think and solve problems.

 

Art broker ACTS as an intermediary is for both parties in the art market and a commission of natural persons, legal persons and other economic organizations. On the basis of the broker's responsibility and scope of work of art, it can be divided into primary market dealers and the secondary market, the art market by the creator, operators, the collection group, art reviews four links. Reach standard and stability of art market requires close collaboration between artists and art agent. Through brokers price target, marketing strategy to series of art market link, so as to control, cultivating market, attract art hobby groups involved in the booming field. The art market still take the primitive way of transaction, may be the mentality of some people get rich quick, this is not conducive to the development of the market and prosperity. The Chinese art market call as three branch of art market in recent years, under the incentive of vigorously developing the cultural industry policy, the art market produced a boom type development, art brokerage industry also gradually grow. Art dealer in promoting art market prosperity, however, at the same time, also exposed many problems itself. The art market is a special commodity market, the market's agent, and therefore have different from other intermediary industry heterogeneity. However, at present, the understanding of art dealer, the legal threshold is not high, small risk, leading to industry overall quality is low; Art level, the secondary market structure inversion, and lead to relevant policy and management is relatively chaos, also led to a competition, the phenomenon such as private deals.

 

Artists should focus on their academic creation, to understand what these markets business agent. Study of the development of the art dealer, understanding and analysis of the status quo of the current Chinese and foreign art dealers and make thinking and cognitive art gallery concept, emergence and development of market agent, its legal position and behavior characteristics, the special properties of the art gallery marketing agent, the necessity of its existence, to promote the healthy development of the art level gallery market in China is of great importance. Art gallery agent market development present situation, including its organization form and management mode, compare gallery agent system abroad, and domestic and foreign art dealers of tax management system, from the legislative, administrative management and industry associations to standardize the market for art galleries and agent management status of legislation. Now art gallery market agent is experiencing a system's dilemma, art galleries and secondary auction market level in structure inversion problem is outstanding, handicap the survival and development of the market agent of the art gallery, and make the whole artwork market order confusion. In addition, the gallery market agent, serious lack of the legal system and industry rules, its own comprehensive quality also needs to be improved, which caused the development of the market agent gallery space. How to solve the gallery market agent system, draw lessons from foreign mature experience, the development of the administrative management system, industry self-discipline management, the system of agent system and gallery market agent's own quality several aspects put forward feasible countermeasures, should start from the competent administrative department for access system, through professional training, improve risk prevention deposit such as system requirements; Improve the system of industry access; More from the legal Angle, establish and perfect gallery agent market credit rating system; Also should draw lessons from foreign experience to perfect our gallery agent system; To establish a diversified responsibility system, strengthen self-discipline of the industry association's function.

 

Andy warhol has a name Said: "in the future, everyone can be famous for 15 minutes." Then he added: "everyone may be famous in 15 minutes." The words used in the present seems to be perfect - today, the artist wants to become a star Rather than just the desire of the artist itself more strongly than ever before. A lot of people can clearly feel nearly a year or two some changes to the community: I don't know since when, the artist is no longer in the usual impression that people "long hair tangzhuang" strange appearance, instead it is more appropriate fashionable dress up: they are today, is not just a closed-door creation state of loneliness, in a lot of fashionable celebrities can see its shadow. Van gogh is poor dead, while Picasso is dead. Van uyongu yatauyungana drew nearly thousand paintings, but only to sell a painting, finally choose to commit suicide at the age of 37. But Picasso died at the age of 91, leaving about 40 billion yuan of total assets. As master of painting, but a totally different fate, the key lies in the Picasso or a "marketing gurus", is good at selling paintings through the "story". This shows the importance of marketing. In the art circle, artists want to improve social status, if you didn't have get lip service, you must have to find dealers, is the art of the agent to run now. Agent through all sorts of promotion and packaging to improve the artist's paintings value, the art market, finally the artist fame and fortune, in the circle, the agent had good reputation and good economic returns, both sides to achieve "win-win". Such cooperation wrong, but the two sides in such a relationship is easy to appear dispute, especially in the painter after becoming famous, all kinds of fame and wealth and resources, the two sides in order to seek to maximize their interests, it would be easy to face. Slay the "love" is similar to the relationship between a pair of can "bitter", but not "joy" husband and wife, the two sides dispute because didn't make a good contract, which to a certain extent, exposed the art market is not standard. These disputes are also associated with the art market development too fast.

 

In recent years the domestic art market transaction scale turned over hundreds of years. More and more collectors will be focused to the works of art investment, while more collectors will increase the value of art simply regarded as the embodiment of the painter real market power. Undeniably, the environment of speed change make painters and agent at that time are difficult to adapt to. When the painter bustling, every day someone every ruler hundreds of thousands of yuan price for painting, the role of the agent immediately becomes dispensable. And also some brokers because I saw the great potential of the market, and forced the artist creation more work in a short time, or mandatory artists works of the same type, so that the dispute is inevitable, but in the long run and seriously affected the artist's creativity and professional performance. Artists and brokers should be done well, therefore, is "self-discipline", don't, artists to focus on their academic creation, to understand what these markets business agent, both sides do their work orderly, to mutual benefit and win-win cooperation.

 

 
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Posted by Yuan Chu Chen on 6/14




ContYuan Chu Chen Contemporary artistic creation and distort the market

 

 

Yuan Chu Chen

Contemporary artistic creation and distort the market

 

Modern Chinese social change becomes complex, art genre and style is particularly complex. Art lovers and even professional artist not very familiar to many artistic context. Especially of eager buyers in the market, but also impossible to sink down and carefully study, understand and taste in art. China has a lot of buyers, but there is no real collectors. Real collectors are art lovers, the collection of works on display, enjoyment, will establish archives, the immersion to the artist's artistic emotion. And the current buyers just love money, don't know anything about art, also do not have idea to study, just think about profit as soon as possible, as for him to buy a painting or a piece of stone is irrelevant, the purpose is to earn money, they is no art collectors. Listened buyers whose popularity, whose works have high price. This state has caused a lot of artists to China a lot of energy on the fame, not really spend on the work of art taste, creation of superb techniques, concept thinking and academic level. This is the status quo of art very impetuous. Often see some celebrities is surrounded by a large group of fans, requires signature of photography, the fans do not say, shallow the tireless enjoy celebrities, level is high also.

 

Writers, poets, painters should have a good living environment to fiction, but hope the apprentice, or indulge in how great your celebrity cannot extricate oneself, there would be no cultural mission, also won't have enlightened, at most a ripoff. The art of young artists measure often fuzzy, feel can sell high price should be to seek, this is not a good phenomenon. Judgment when contemporary art value is very important, is the first to seek artist in the works and the trace of thought. In other words, contemporary art is art first evaluated by position, view of today's world, the depth of the expression of the concept of art. Picture painting, by contrast, are not worth showing off, it is a skilled performance or state of mind when he painted. With particular emphasis on contemporary art creators of individual subjectivity. It forces the artist cross-examine oneself, my work how much my own point of view, how many of my works to express to create the form of language. As long as after a try, even if only a little in certain areas beyond are meaningful. Want to see in the completed works, artistic conception and expression means whether fit. If it is a good painting, it would be natural reveals the author's expression shown on the attitude of temperament, and its ability to deal with picture of subjective. Here the temperament show a person's comprehensive qualities, and painting subjective ability is the expression of daily practice ability. Both must work to have the so-called temperament. Contemporary art with contemporary art culture height measured and requests itself, and the personal creation within the context of the history of visual art. From this perspective, "down" state is reasonable. But as the creator itself, must strive to improve their vision and appreciation of works of art. This is a gradual process, the starting point of each person is different also. But as an artist, this is his life should pursue. Some contemporary art, while the westerners give them a higher price, but eventually want to sell back, in the end flange or Chinese. Some western collectors, at the time of your lowest price for hoarding a large number of Chinese contemporary art. There are some artists has their own operations to be. This is a skill. And for the quality of the art is too busy to do in-depth research. Drawing actually require a lot of brains, accumulated a lot of knowledge, it takes a lot of energy is likely to succeed. Modern art, there are a lot of rubbish. In traditional Chinese painting is the most severe, the epicenter, and more people. But this trend will still move forward, as a painter, only as much as possible to protect the conscience too. Chinese art market, auction houses, galleries, the lack of long-term mechanism, the painter works into the market, the lack of specification "art agent" channel, and stretch out a lot of strange like, young artists works beyond the price of the late great masters of the normal price.

The adjustment of the art market is inevitable. For artists, art auction houses, galleries its own responsibility. Contemporary art in China is a fashionable no standard label. When the capital after the intervention, a manufacturing base for myths of contemporary art. Under the impetus of the commercialization, contemporary art began to the fashion industry development, on the understanding also very confusion, all kinds of statement and it disturbed the seeing and hearing. "Contemporary" can be understood as the moment, what is happening, and "the past", "traditional" relatively. Generally speaking, the foreign art institutions will be the second world war art are collectively referred to as "contemporary art". But like some western scholars prefer to western art since the 1960 s, known as the "western contemporary art", all kinds of time behind the concept of aesthetics and cultural sense judgments are the reasons. In western art history of state, the aesthetics characteristic of "the modernism art" is a prerequisite for contemporary art. What is modernism? Simply speaking, is the end of the 19th century and the beginning of the 20th century, in European art history on the premise of art ontology language research formalism modernism and postmodernism, namely we usually familiar fauvism, cubism, expressionist, futurism and surrealism, abstract expressionism, pop, photographic realism, and so on. Although they advocate and practice each are not identical, but have no content to the form of constraints, with the attitude of elite announced a clean break with the laws of the traditional performance and exploration and pursuit of new art form, to create a pure form of semantic of "modern art". If use one word to sum up, it's "art for art's sake".

Against elitism concepts of contemporary art and formalism of the ultimate truth, the pursuit of constantly creating and rebellious, and advocate the individual value realization. Secondly, it is intended to reverse the modernist tradition established in the form of narrative, trying to eliminate the gap between art and life, advocate art returns to the social reality. Western habit to the end of world war ii as a modern art and contemporary art at the time of watershed, and then based on the similarities and differences of aesthetic appeal and cultural orientation, will be before the middle of the 19th century to the second art known as "modern art", then it is called a "postmodern art" or "contemporary art". From the strict sense, the western academics will be held in 1969, "when the attitude becomes a form" as the starting point of the contemporary art exhibition, because the exhibition emphasizes: whether it works, ideas, or process, status, information, and other forms of art, in the end is to express the artist's position and attitude. Artists make the consciousness of the judgment of the state of the current, become the basis of a work of contemporary art.

The two Chinese modernism art and contemporary art concept has not been clearly defined. In the face of all kinds of artistic phenomena, the conclusion is inconsistent. There are three typical views: one is the art of the 1980 s as a "modern art", art of the 1990 s as "contemporary art"; The second view is directly over the past 30 years of experimental art as "contemporary art"; The third is based on artistic phenomena and artistic style, thought that "contemporary art" covers the political pop, new generation, ruffian art, cartoon art, etc. These conclusions can't unified present situation, is determined by the brief history of the development of Chinese art itself. For developing countries and art history have occurred fracture region, indeed there is always much more complex. Contemporary art is not only a concept of time, or the concept of a type or style. The reason why people in the process of naming a certain art sinomark blazed s trace, it must be the age both in society and art, including the type and style has changed dramatically. In this sense, actually refers to some specific types of contemporary art and style of art, such as abstract expressionism, minimalism, pop art style of art, such as, behavior, such as landscape, image and device types of art. With these types on, usually be classified as the camp of contemporary art.

The art of western important changes have taken place since the 1960 s. Lasted for hundreds or even thousands of years, as it were, the main form of art, such as painting, sculpture, including part of arts and crafts, all take a back seat, and reflect the style of art in the age of high-tech era, the information to the front desk. They are the common features of "concept", such as performance art, installation art, environmental art, etc. Produced by these categories and the occasional art, op art, photography, art, etc. British contemporary art historian gombrich think: "the most important features of western modern art in the 20th century is that it's experimental." Contemporary art and the characteristics of a large, is that it can directly express, description or representation, an event can be cut into the contemporary society, some important problems such as gender, race, identity and personal existence question and so on. Even bigger environmental problems, religious problems, geopolitics and the problem of human cultural landscape can be performed in the concept of art. And their performance, breadth and depth, is a traditional art, including painting and sculpture, far can not be compared. Of course, the edge of the traditional art does not fall, in painting, for example, although has been marginalized, but people do not voluntarily. Multi-dimensional and multi-level exploration, such as for a variety of new ideas, new techniques, new materials using the possibility of test, has been going on.

In the 1980 s, as a result of new expressionist painting in countries such as Germany, France, Italy, when some optimistic, conservative critics even think that will usher in the revival of the painting, painting will become the mainstream form of art. But this does not appear. After the 1990 s, constantly get new development concept art, such as computer, computer engraving art, multimedia art also constantly enrich the content of the concept of art. In terms of the world art development, there are many indications that early, had a strong concept of cultural rebellion characteristics of art, such as installation art, performing arts, etc., have become increasingly popular, stylized, styling. But at the same time, contemporary art is still in its infinite propulsion trying to find a inartistic society and daily life, in order to continue to expand the boundary of the art language, form and field. Each era has its own contemporary. In this sense, the contemporary art is a dynamic process and concepts, and contemporary art in replacing the "avant-garde", after the concept of "avant-garde", means to become one of the most advanced way of art. It not only carries the meaning of halfback, pioneer, and naturally has a opposite of traditional identity. This identity determines its for all existing review, pay attention to the plight of the contemporary, from the Angle of vision, in reality, reflect the reality, criticize the reality.

Special care about contemporary art works of art in the age in which it produces positive effect. In this way, "contemporary" not only is the core value of contemporary art, also means that the dual task of contemporary art: first, must continue to face the modernity of contemporary art has failed to complete the task of today, especially the present China is still in the construction of modernity; Second, the contemporary art have to face the new characteristic of the current era, such as digital image, digital image, the Internet, and other forms of some material of the characteristic of this age. When we say something works with "contemporary", means that the work has focused on the nature of reality. This more or less, of course, is a kind of praise, but is not the same as with the "contemporary" works of art is bound to be good work. "Contemporary" is the core values of contemporary art, but to have the properties of the era is how to evaluate, there are many factors.

The creation of contemporary art of some kung fu is not big, and hype kung fu, often chaotic image, quality is uneven, but strong visual impact, employ a large number of commentators to praise, formed an invisible, don't like this operation cannot be s. Art mainstream artists should not be to get this kind of art, and should be pure kind of spirit. High technical difficulties is not standard, serious pursuit of spirit is the life of an artist. Western societies have a view on China's image, and the Chinese contemporary art more than a decade of output has a relationship. Also related to one hundred years of art education. Of the academy of fine arts education system has always been an embarrassing things, we taught fine arts students finally got the diploma is a bachelor, master, doctor. Paper is measured level rather than have an independent spirit and the pursuit of painting, after graduation was established on the professional artists must spend big on hype power kung fu to operate, it is a sad situation for artists and very awkward position.

 

 
Posted by Yuan Chu Chen on 6/14




Yuan Chu Chen The evolution of the concept of contemporary art

 

Yuan Chu Chen

The evolution of the concept of contemporary art

 

 

Ruled by the ancient Greek origin, more than two thousand years of the western art theory is the theory of imitation, it insists that art is the imitation of the real world.

 

The word "imitation" originally as a sacrifice to term, as the fifth century BC is converted to philosophy of language. Plato thought "artist

 

Heart by the desire to create can be a different way, because he just take the mirror look in around. Plato thought"

 

Read the world "is the real origin of the world, the external reality is the concept of imitation, is art an imitation of reality, that is," imitation

 

Imitation ", is the third layer of truth; imitation Aristotle Plato said, on the basis of concept of the reason of the world in the world

 

Revised to the real world, and literature and art is the imitation of reality, the imitation of the truth; The Renaissance, leonardo Da Vinci said:

 

"The painter heart should be like a mirror, it reflects the colour of things taken in front of many little things, is getting more

 

Less image "; Dana in his "philosophy of art" also explicitly put forward the "artistic imitation of reality", stressing the need to imitate

 

The "main character" of the object. Although in the later, mimesis has changed some words, but it always considered essentially reality

 

World is the ultimate source of art, and "the imitation skills in all cases only clever trick, but cannot

 

Prosperity of art ". Hegel said that the purpose of art is to restore the prototype, art is only a means of mediation and. Philosophy

 

By natural ontology to epistemology, ontology art has also changed accordingly. Although in the 18th and 19th century, the dominant

 

Still is the theory of imitation, but another voice with the awakening of humanistic consciousness and enhanced self-awareness began to loud, namely

 

The theory of sense.

 

"The book of history · YaoDian", to "build" for love, liu xie "wen-hsin-diao-long" mining "feeling, to the Ming and qing dynasties" childlike innocence"

 

(li zhi) said "the spirit" (yuan mei), has highlighted the artist's mind is the creation of the source. While in the west,

 

Performance theory advocates are abundant. Leo Tolstoy said: "art is a human activity: a

 

Individuals with certain external symbols consciously experience their feelings to others, others for these feelings are

 

Dye, also experience these feelings. "" to distinguish real art" and "false, there is a certain sign, the art of infection

 

Force. "Groce think the origin of art is to the mind of intuition, intuition is created, create the form, the form is shown; Susan

 

Lundgren said: "art is essentially a form of emotional, they show, the formal human emotions

 

Quality. "Susan lundgren, expression of emotion theory in the form of the cloak, emphasizes the unity of artistic form and emotional connotation, is a table

 

Now the theory of modern form. Expression of emotion theory highlight the creativity and transcendence of the subject, but still ignore the art itself.

 

So prevalent in scientific methodology of the twentieth century, linguistic turn of language ontology art essence, as the ontology

 

Research into the new field of vision.

 

In the 1920 s to 50 s, the new criticism, Russian formalism, structuralism, semantic analysis, hermeneutics, etc

 

Followed, forming a powerful formalism trend. They generally believed that the essence of art lies in the works of art in itself

 

In the form of show. Clive bei said: "the meaningful form, is all that moved me only in the work of visual art

 

Common nature "; yan BuXun Brooks, a representative of new criticism school thought: language as ontology, by the semantics of the language

 

Analysis, as well as to the ontology of "centripetal type reading", to get it gets language goes behind the effect, thus forming a symbol of the network,

 

Works indicates the meaning of ontology; And in structuralism, all art, whether the original myth, or film, fashion,

 

Advertising, photography, etc., are a form of structure, a kind of human, the function, the ultimate form of contingency. The theory of form

 

Ontology will clearly art simplified, it will analyze the into line, structure, ignoring the practical significance and the artistic emotion

 

Connotation. In addition to the more influential theory of mimesis, expression of emotion theory, form, and some of art ontology

 

Unique understanding. "Cultural ontology", for example, holds that the ultimate art is the realistic social criticism, reflection. For example, Davis again

 

In his "philosophy of art" in the name of "functional aesthetics" and "system theory", "historical determinism", etc.

 

Predecessors have made so many exploration in art ontology, finally also does not have a let people satisfied with the answer,

 

Then another forte played that "art no definition" doubting the existence of the definition of "art", American philosopher

 

Morris weitz noted in the 1950 s, something to be art does not need any conditions; art

 

The essence of creativity, rebelling and caravaggio was hinder us to define it. But in their modern aesthetics and postmodern

 

The analysis of the aesthetic transition aesthetics, and generally tend to be negative to the possibility of the definition of art. Austrian philosopher victor root

 

Think, the connection between the game is not a common nature; But the game between a "family". This kind of

 

View inherits the end of the 19th century the tradition of "metaphysics" and to the extreme, thus formed the post-modernism aesthetics

 

Promoted "the essence". Earlier, "the essence" can be traced back to Nietzsche. Nietzsche's bold abandoned philosophy

 

About the world "phenomenon - nature" dichotomy of the tradition, to "will" monism. His view of "nature" is not

 

Exists in myriad phenomena behind the eternal things, but to seek a way or style to display their own things, but

 

Used in the performance way or style is also belong to the "essence" itself. Domestic postmodernism on behalf of tao dongfeng defines "essence doctrine"

 

That "essentialism is a kind of rigid and closed, the arbitrary way of thinking and knowledge production mode.

 

On ontology, the essence of socialism is not assume things have certain nature but assumes that things are off, general

 

Eternal essence, the essence is not because of the change of time and space conditions change. "" the essence" thought "essentialism sometimes

 

Implied a point of view, namely, cultural construction of 'feature' stability and clarity, "in the premise of the essence

 

The characteristics of the often have "overgeneralization. Claims that don't need to define art that is divided into two kinds, one kind is the above

 

"The essence", they deny the essence of art has an inherent; Another kind is considered to the art essentials

 

Make no sense, such research work to do too much is useless. They often, for example, if the ordinary people in a pile of items

 

Selected works of art, the vast majority of people with accurate intuition can do, And let the ordinary people in a pile of items selected

 

"Meaningful form", "human ecology into intuitive aesthetic creation" in the form of almost all people will think I don't know what

 

Measures. In this sense, the definition of art than intuition is not reliable. Postmodernism for "essence doctrine"

 

Criticism, admits that there is no "eternal, universal" art essence. On the one hand, also will recognize art in a certain period

 

Present a certain artistic law of art ontology in the age of the particular culture discussed is still good.

 

Social modernization and the alienation of people split side by side, art is not always satisfy the desire for beauty and enjoy, first

 

Front art and post-modern art perception, people from indifference or sharp in the art of figures is not about beauty, but must be closed

 

On one's own existence. Schopenhauer and Nietzsche emphasize art is to solve the contradiction between desire and reality of one of the most effective way.

 

People resort to art, in contrast, art, again find itself from the ontology of art. The exploration of art ontology has both

 

Help us identify belongs to the artistic features of The Times, more important is to observe the time of the human spirit and the emotion demand.

 

Art development is eternal, infinite changes, we can do is not blindly negative, but in the darkness of the infinite pursuit of hard limit. 

Posted by Yuan Chu Chen on 6/10




Yuan Chu Chen Art ontology

 

Yuan Chu Chen

Art ontology

 

 

In the 17th century German scholastics Guo Kelan button named "ontology" : ontology; Ontology; Ontology, the wise men

 

Learning the language, the Oxford English dictionary explanation is "for the existence of the research or science" (the science or study of being).

 

Regulation "ontology" is the branch of metaphysics that studies the nature of existence, belong to the category of philosophy, which was known as

 

"Ontology". Should also enable us to easily identify in life "what is art" and "what is art" investigate

 

Which is the research category of art ontology. Is a common character of involves art, in already know something is

 

Under the condition of art it is what kind of things are discussed. Analytical philosopher, bayless gort, proposed the theory of cluster, it is in

 

Admit that they do not exist under the premise of all works of art of art attributes, points out that as long as there is a thing with a certain number or a certain

 

Combination of attributes (features) of art, then it is art -- -- of course bayless high claim is not defined,

 

So he's the "definition" you can't have closely. For "what is art for art" ontological research topics

 

No "what is art" research value. Actually the discussion of "what is art" Angle must be from the characteristics of the art

 

Hand, just trying to get the authority of one or several attributes as its definition. So the art ontology to explore the essence of "existence"

 

Ultimately rests on the characteristics of the art.

 

"What is art" and "what is art" is just the starting point is different, and the actual operation skill and follow the path of all

 

Is similar. After thousands of years, human society to the exploration of the concept of art is still in a fog. This is the result of concept art

 

The complexity of itself, it covers the content is too big. From the diachronic perspective, "art" in ancient Greece was originally refers to the general

 

Production activities, then gradually it specifically for a production of "rhythm", the producer is similar to what we call the poet. In the following

 

Many of the century, we are now widespread allegations of arts have been Shared with technology and science in the name of "art". Until 15

 

Century, began to appear a kind of consensus, painting, sculpture, architecture, music, poetry, drama and dance form independent category of art

 

And with the phase difference between technology and science. In 1747, Charles bartow named these art "art of beauty". "Art of beauty"

 

Has been recognized, but it has caused "beauty" standard, and the postmodern 20th century school creator's "aesthetic",

 

More let art into a state of follow one's inclinations. American philosopher Stephen Davis proposed "extreme rules: do not exist

 

In essence, only a series of arbitrary decision (may include when to start, when to stop, etc). "Be used to

 

Art, Davis said: "the only common art is related experts them as art, and these experts are not

 

Incontestable or convincing (although they may have a clear but inadequate) reasons to support your decision. "

 

As eagleton in answer "what is literature" points out, the original literature is often out of philosophy,

 

The need of politics, with "beauty" hang on a bit relationship, they become the object of literary appreciation because found later

 

Their art appreciation value. Eagleton, quoting John m. Ellis said point of view, the term "literature"

 

Role is quite a bit like the word "weeds" : "weeds" is not a specific species of plants, but the gardener because of one kind or another

 

Cause you don't want some kind of plant.

 

Art contains different categories, on the synchronic also caused the difficulties of the definition of art. Aristotle first will only

 

The art of art can be divided into "complete" and "imitation of nature's art". Galen according to standards of mental Labour and physical Labour,

 

A "liberal arts" and "civilian art" division; Susan lundgren think art contains painting, sculpture, music,

 

Poetry, drama, fiction, dance, film and so on nine; Nelson goodman default sculpture, painting, music, dance,

 

Literature and architecture as art. The contemporary western pluralistic body theorists and one yuan ontology, the former advocated different works of art

 

Is something different, have different ontological status; The latter believe that all the works of art are the same things, art

 

Task is to extract the common essence of home. On the synchronic art, because of the heavy and complicated by many aesthetes on operation

 

And art theorist, avoidance, still no authoritative standards to the category of art. Has been struggling to struggle with

 

Mentioned to the arts, why not paintings and sculptures are no copy? The essence of them with the other arts

 

What is the difference? Most philosophers focus on art, the discussions of the art ontology (seems that view is vulgar, agreed

 

), there are still some scholars view on itself in art activities. Such as Davis's words "art"

 

All art is art creation process; Have a world of primitive art, a decision the ultimate existence

 

According to and ask us to touch the principle to explain the nature of literature and art in the world. "[5] the metaphysics of" art "itself

 

Also specifies its liberal. In nowadays, and there are a large number of "art" to break through the traditional, below our glasses, let's

 

Can't help but ask again this complex problem: what is art, what kind of things can be art? Previous to us

 

Ordered many beacon, perhaps along the light, we can find some clues.

 

"What is art" related to the common characteristics of art, is already know something is discussed under the condition of it is art

 

What kind of things. After thousands of years, human society to the exploration of the concept of art is still in a fog. This is the result of

 

The complexity of concept art, it covers the content is too big. From the diachronic perspective, "art" in the first of ancient Greece

 

Refers to the general production activities, then gradually it specifically for a production of "rhythm", the producer is similar to what we are

 

Said the poet. In the following centuries, we now widespread allegations of arts have been Shared with technology and science

 

The name of "art". Until the fifteenth century, there is a consensus that the painting, sculpture, architecture, music, poetry,

 

Theater and dance form independent of the type of phase difference between art and technology and science. High analytical philosopher Belize, is proposed

 

Cluster theory, is to admit that they do not exist under the premise of all works of art of art attributes, has a pointed out that as long as there is one thing

 

Number or a combination of art attributes (features), then it is art, Belize, high advocate art is, of course

 

Cannot be defined, so his this "definition" you can't close. "What is art for art ontology

 

Research topics of denied "what is art" research value. In fact, "what is art" to explore Angle must also be

 

, starting from the artistic features of just trying to get the authority of one or several attributes as its definition. So the art ontology

 

The essence of "existence" is ultimately rests on the characteristics of art, "what is art" and "what is art" is just the starting point

 

Different, and the actual operation skill and follow the path are similar. In 1747, Charles bartow art

 

Named "beauty" of art. "Art of beauty" has been recognized, but it has caused "beauty" standard.

 

Postmodern 20th century school creator who advocate "the aesthetic", more let art into a state of follow one's inclinations. American philosophy

 

Stephen Davis proposed "extreme rules: there is no inherent nature, only a series of arbitrary decision (or

 

Xu include when to start, when to stop, etc.). "For art, Davis said: the only common art

 

Is related experts them as art, and these experts are not undisputed or convincing (although they are

 

May have a clear but not sufficient reasons to support your decision. As eagleton in answer to "what is literature"

 

 

 

Points out, in the original literary works tend to be out of the needs of the philosophy, politics, and "beauty" hang on a bit off

 

Department, they become the object of literary appreciation because the posterity found their art appreciation value. Eagleton lead

 

Above said John m. Ellis's point of view, the role of the term "literature" is quite a bit like the word "weeds" : "weeds"

 

Not certain varieties of plants, but only the gardener because of one kind or another reason don't want to be some kind of plants. Art contain at the same time

 

Different categories, on the synchronic also caused the difficulties of the definition of art. Aristotle art can be divided into just the start

 

"All of the art" and "imitation of nature's art"; Galen, according to a standard mental Labour and physical Labour

 

"Liberal arts" and "civilian art" division; Susan lundgren think art, including painting, sculpture, music, poetry,

 

Theatre, novels, dance, film and other nine; Nelson goodman default sculpture, painting, music, dance, literature, and

 

Building for art. The contemporary western pluralistic body theorists and one yuan ontology, the former advocated different art is different

 

Things have different ontological status; The latter believe that all art is the same thing, the aesthetes

 

The task is to extract the essence of the common. On the synchronic art, because of the heavy and complicated by many aesthetes on operation

 

And art theorist, avoidance, still no authoritative standards to the category of art. Also some people struggling entanglements

 

Mentioned in the arts, why not paintings and sculptures are no copy? They and other arts

 

What is the difference between nature?

 

Most philosophers discussion focus on the art works of art, some scholars view on in art activities

 

Itself. Such as Davis's words "art" that all art is art creation process; Literary ontology,

 

Is nothing but a primitive world beyond art and a decision according to literature and art is the ultimate, and ask us

 

Touch the primitive world to illustrate the nature of literature and art. To "art" a precise definition must stand up to the above

 

All aspects of consideration, is not like "hydrogen" to be easy. "Art" of metaphysics itself also set it free

 

Lax. In nowadays, and there are a large number of "art" to break through the traditional, below our glasses, let all of us couldn't help again

 

Ask this complicated problem: what is art, what kind of things can be art? Predecessors to we ordered

 

Many light, perhaps along the light, we can find some clues. 

Posted by Yuan Chu Chen on 6/10




Yuan Chu Chen The tangle of dealers

 

Yuan Chu Chen

The tangle of dealers

 

 

Chinese art market is at a stage of development, the art broker occupies a pivotal position in the art market. An unknown artist if you want to to the top of the career, to rely on professional dealers. But we must first agent in art market position and important role to promote the development of the art market have a sober understanding. Artists should focus on their academic creation, to understand what these markets business agent, so urgently need a large amount of mature art broker. Dealers are artists and art investment collection between the ties and Bridges, in the art market mechanism is sound, the brokerage system is very clear. At present, the level of the art market and the secondary art market there is a serious phenomenon of advanced placement, the art market agent system in China is not the lack of specification and art broker system has a certain relationship. The rapid development of the art market in our country, puts forward new requirements to the employees. As an important part of the art market, dealers should be how to position in the new environment, the developing direction should be how to adapt to this need, to solve these problems, the concept of art agent, agent needs to have the quality analysis of art, discusses strategies to promote the development of art broker, strives to establish related laws and regulations, and provide basis and reference for macro-control measures, is to think and solve problems.

 

 

 

Art broker ACTS as an intermediary is for both parties in the art market and a commission of natural persons, legal persons and other economic organizations. On the basis of the broker's responsibility and scope of work of art, it can be divided into primary market dealers and the secondary market, the art market by the creator, operators, the collection group, art reviews four links. Reach standard and stability of art market requires close collaboration between artists and art agent. Through brokers price target, marketing strategy to series of art market link, so as to control, cultivating market, attract art hobby groups involved in the booming field. The art market still take the primitive way of transaction, may be the mentality of some people get rich quick, this is not conducive to the development of the market and prosperity. The Chinese art market call as three branch of art market in recent years, under the incentive of vigorously developing the cultural industry policy, the art market produced a boom type development, art brokerage industry also gradually grow. Art dealer in promoting art market prosperity, however, at the same time, also exposed many problems itself. The art market is a special commodity market, the market's agent, and therefore have different from other intermediary industry heterogeneity. However, at present, the understanding of art dealer, the legal threshold is not high, small risk, leading to industry overall quality is low; Art level, the secondary market structure inversion, and lead to relevant policy and management is relatively chaos, also led to a competition, the phenomenon such as private deals.

 

 

 

Artists should focus on their academic creation, to understand what these markets business agent. Study of the development of the art dealer, understanding and analysis of the status quo of the current Chinese and foreign art dealers and make thinking and cognitive art gallery concept, emergence and development of market agent, its legal position and behavior characteristics, the special properties of the art gallery marketing agent, the necessity of its existence, to promote the healthy development of the art level gallery market in China is of great importance. Art gallery agent market development present situation, including its organization form and management mode, compare gallery agent system abroad, and domestic and foreign art dealers of tax management system, from the legislative, administrative management and industry associations to standardize the market for art galleries and agent management status of legislation. Now art gallery market agent is experiencing a system's dilemma, art galleries and secondary auction market level in structure inversion problem is outstanding, handicap the survival and development of the market agent of the art gallery, and make the whole artwork market order confusion. In addition, the gallery market agent, serious lack of the legal system and industry rules, its own comprehensive quality also needs to be improved, which caused the development of the market agent gallery space. How to solve the gallery market agent system, draw lessons from foreign mature experience, the development of the administrative management system, industry self-discipline management, the system of agent system and gallery market agent's own quality several aspects put forward feasible countermeasures, should start from the competent administrative department for access system, through professional training, improve risk prevention deposit such as system requirements; Improve the system of industry access; More from the legal Angle, establish and perfect gallery agent market credit rating system; Also should draw lessons from foreign experience to perfect our gallery agent system; To establish a diversified responsibility system, strengthen self-discipline of the industry association's function.

 

 

 

 

Andy warhol has a name Said: "in the future, everyone can be famous for 15 minutes." Then he added: "everyone may be famous in 15 minutes." The words used in the present seems to be perfect - today, the artist wants to become a star Rather than just the desire of the artist itself more strongly than ever before. A lot of people can clearly feel nearly a year or two some changes to the community: I don't know since when, the artist is no longer in the usual impression that people "long hair tangzhuang" strange appearance, instead it is more appropriate fashionable dress up: they are today, is not just a closed-door creation state of loneliness, in a lot of fashionable celebrities can see its shadow. Van gogh is poor dead, while Picasso is dead. Van uyongu yatauyungana drew nearly thousand paintings, but only to sell a painting, finally choose to commit suicide at the age of 37. But Picasso died at the age of 91, leaving about 40 billion yuan of total assets. As master of painting, but a totally different fate, the key lies in the Picasso or a "marketing gurus", is good at selling paintings through the "story". This shows the importance of marketing. In the art circle, artists want to improve social status, if you didn't have get lip service, you must have to find dealers, is the art of the agent to run now. Agent through all sorts of promotion and packaging to improve the artist's paintings value, the art market, finally the artist fame and fortune, in the circle, the agent had good reputation and good economic returns, both sides to achieve "win-win". Such cooperation wrong, but the two sides in such a relationship is easy to appear dispute, especially in the painter after becoming famous, all kinds of fame and wealth and resources, the two sides in order to seek to maximize their interests, it would be easy to face. Slay the "love" is similar to the relationship between a pair of can "bitter", but not "joy" husband and wife, the two sides dispute because didn't make a good contract, which to a certain extent, exposed the art market is not standard. These disputes are also associated with the art market development too fast.

 

 

 

In recent years the domestic art market transaction scale turned over hundreds of years. More and more collectors will be focused to the works of art investment, while more collectors will increase the value of art simply regarded as the embodiment of the painter real market power. Undeniably, the environment of speed change make painters and agent at that time are difficult to adapt to. When the painter bustling, every day someone every ruler hundreds of thousands of yuan price for painting, the role of the agent immediately becomes dispensable. And also some brokers because I saw the great potential of the market, and forced the artist creation more work in a short time, or mandatory artists works of the same type, so that the dispute is inevitable, but in the long run and seriously affected the artist's creativity and professional performance. Artists and brokers should be done well, therefore, is "self-discipline", don't, artists to focus on their academic creation, to understand what these markets business agent, both sides do their work orderly, to mutual benefit and win-win cooperation. 

Posted by Yuan Chu Chen on 6/10




Yuan Chu Chen Practical significance of contemporary art

 

Yuan Chu Chen

Practical significance of contemporary art

 

 

 

Contemporary art for contemporary China, not only means that in a more broad field of vision of looking past all the objective existence of reminder of how healthy development of China in the development of practical significance and spirit of exploration, more means a kind of infinite possibilities. The development of contemporary art in China although the time is not long, but in China's new national culture to modern culture in the process of development, in the process of the globalization of China's integration into the world and shows its positive significance. Compared with modernism, more humanitarian independent personality of contemporary art to explore value; On the social form, it broke the traditional centralized creation mechanism; On the discipline construction, it promoted the development of the direction of diversification, with real practice democratic art atmosphere of "schools of thought contend, the flowers". "Contemporary art" in our midst. It focuses on with our lives and in our life, with the interaction of art, to enrich our life. With the rise of the market, in-depth development of community culture construction, more make art can enter the country. People into the "art of life", will no longer be a dream.

 

From the end of world war ii as the starting point, time concept artists all pruned away the functional sex of the art, so as to avoid the interference of objective factors, tried to continue in more complex situation gradually reveals the essence of art, but until today, "talk about art" is still considerable advantage in every aspect of the functional and inevitability. Thinking through language transformation, and through the time delay of air, will produce many misunderstanding and asymmetric information? Although most people cannot tell the difference between art and design field, but does not prevent talk to refer to the "art" of the culture creative collection when psychological pleasure. This pleasure to people oriented is superior, suggests that personal accomplishment and decent social hierarchy. The art itself also needs to be talking about its functionality. Not to go into the history of art was used as a religious or political tool of the imperial power or the aristocracy family decorates the propaganda and direction of functional daily, enlightenment in the artist's work contributed to the birth of the individual, in the era of the late capitalism, art can still wear out the consciousness of the global production assembly line, to continue to support and promote cultural diversity. In thinking and knowledge level on the demand of art also still reflect functional: known all kinds of scientific methodology must be based on the logical clue, whereas art with an incredible way of perception allows us to experience the real world and real world scenery. It is through these pragmatic or spiritual demand through several historical records, have been talking about, in different ideas across to the development of the system. Art in what is today? When we talk about the so-called contemporary art, although the lattice l tips we need "contemporary art" real "in the form of a completely not passing to capture and express the presence of reality." This is not a specific standard, and even to use in the more early genre of art seems to have been as true. Needless to say, however in today we see an artist "contemporary" state of mind tend to be more important in his work, because the core factor of work value is no longer a valuable material, consummate craft and unique characteristics, the value must be based on the concept of the artist. And once, we focus more on the psychological expectations of art has been called the "art" of art - paintings on the walls of the church or of the sculpture in the gallery. Art is art has been forgotten in the period of the history, the extension of today's concept of art is the artist, and can be perceived the flesh, the art of today use Benjamin's viewpoint is "lies in the artist may flicker flashes in the process of". Such a postmodern problems, answer the question seems to be should not is the person who are struggling to swim. In retrospect, after the new culture movement in the early 20th century, Chinese art began to absorb the western artistic skills, promote the reform of local art.

 

 

 

China's fundamental definitions and values of art in the modern world began under the influence of Europe. China's contemporary art from the mid - 1990 - s. After at that time, the door is open, the Chinese to learn from European and American modern and post-modern language system had great progress, various theory was introduced and spread by the media. Especially the coming of the era of Internet, make the pace of China's integration into the world. As China's social economy and consumption culture, there has been a major shift just found a new form of contemporary art soil and visual experience, so more and more thriving to become one of the important parts of Chinese society and culture today. It not only stimulated the subjectivity of the Chinese artists and enthusiasm, and to promote the development of art in the direction of diversification. Lang and Mr At the ullens center for contemporary art expression on the lecture of "today art is the art of" point of view, in other words the contemporary art is not a type of nouns, but set the style of music, video, news and other cultural forms of community. The practice of contemporary artists often between metaphysical philosophical thinking and have the characteristics of visual factors between daily life and at the same time after modernism period creator, the practice of art have broad cross-cultural effectiveness. Both critics and the public, when they stare or discuss art, realize that the creator across cultural boundaries, individual knowledge structure is touching the pleasure, but you should be how to treat this kind of pleasure? It is said that some creators for their own work standard is: the side of the brain is filled with various conversion formula which also calculate the trigger point, different people pleasure side already completed with modern art practice day after day. This kind of practice in the moment, especially within the scope of social public with "art" asylum umbrella and constantly adjust their own right. Foreign capital to enter and the rise of China's emerging art capital market, also make the Chinese contemporary art is becoming commercial and entertainment stars, consumption, lack of social criticism, not only on language form of modern art in the form of copying, imitating and fraud, "contemporary" is popular. Is among them, some people do not understand the so-called "contemporary" the exact meaning, some people's cultural level is low, some are too eager to "spoof", the negative influence of these phenomena are to be reckoned with. Crisis of contemporary art, we should still see today, is we the booming era of contemporary art the most dynamic, most powerful, the most contribution and open way of art. In the history of Chinese contemporary art in its not long already shows its unique vitality and significance.

 
 
Posted by Yuan Chu Chen on 6/10





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