“The totality of moral rules truly forms about each person an imaginary wall, at the foot of which the flood of human passions simply dies without being able to go further. For the same reason – that they are contained – it becomes possible to satisfy them. But if at any point this barrier weakens, these previously restrained human forces pour tumultuously through the open breach; once loosed they find no limits where they can stop.”
– The problem with anomie Emile Durkheim
“The breakdown in societal regulation does not free the individual to engage in deviance. Rather it creates pressure to engage in deviance.”
– The Future of Anomie Theory Nikos Passas & Robert Agnew
FEINKOST is pleased to present the group exhibition “Breaking Windows”, an exhibition looking at social entropy through projects addressing ideas of order and disorder.
The title of the exhibition is a riff on the notorious “Broken Windows Theory” proposed by social scientists James Wilson and George Kelling in 1982 and then popularized by New York Mayor Rudy Giuliani in his policies for cleansing the city streets of crime. An empirical evidence to support the text was an experiment carried about by Stanford psychologist Philip Zimbardo, famed for his 1972 Stanford Prison Experiment. Zimbardo located two abandoned cars each without license plates and their hoods propped open, one in the Bronx and the other in Palo Alto. The Bronx car was dismembered to scraps by locals within its first day. The Palo Alto version sat quietly for a week. Zimbardo reportedly catalyzed the downfall of the Palo Alto automobile by furtively smashing part of it with a sledgehammer. The citizens did the rest.