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London

National Gallery

Exhibition Detail
Titian's Diana and Callisto
Trafalgar Square
London WC2N 5DN
United Kingdom


March 1st, 2012 - July 1st, 2012
 
Diana and Callisto (detail), TitianTitian, Diana and Callisto (detail),
1556–9. Bought jointly by the National Gallery and National Galleries of Scotland with contributions from the National Lottery through the Heritage Lottery Fund, the Art Fund, The Monument Trust and through private appeal and bequests, 2012
© Photo National Galleries of Scotland
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> DESCRIPTION

This display celebrates the recent acquisition of Titian’s great masterpiece Diana and Callisto by the National Gallery and the National Galleries of Scotland. Its companion painting, Diana and Actaeon, was bought by the Galleries in 2009. Painted simultaneously as a pair, and probably intended to hang facing each other, the two paintings have remained together since they left Titian’s studio.

‘Diana and Callisto’ and ‘Diana and Actaeon’ belong to a series of large-scale mythological works inspired by the Roman poet Ovid’s  ‘Metamorphoses’. Titian painted them between 1556–9 for the Spanish king Philip II, the most powerful monarch in the world at the time. The artist referred to his lyrical compositions as ‘poesie’, the visual equivalents of poetry.  

‘Diana and Callisto’ shows the moment when Diana, chaste goddess of the hunt, cruelly reveals the pregnancy of one of her nymphs, Callisto. Banished by Diana, Callisto was later transformed by her seducer, Jupiter, into the constellation of the Great Bear. 

Painted when Titian was nearly 70 years old, this is a work of unprecedented beauty and inventiveness. The artist surpassed himself in its rich colouring and compositional complexity. The soft sensuousness of female flesh, Titian’s special hallmark, proliferates to delight the erotic tastes of his young patron.


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