My paintings are about space, form and energy. I generally start painting without preconceived notions as to the final outcome and build space through a series of constructions and destructions. The paintings begin with a loose set of limitations and directives. I often work with an abstract idea in mind, several scientific concepts come to mind, to give me focus. I then paint freely, gradually narrowing my focus and zeroing in on a composition that depicts a solid structure, intriguing space and a spontaneity of design. I am interested in complex spatial relationships that lead to a feeling of a comprehensive whole which has energy and a life of it's own. I am also interested in linear movement and visual paradoxes. I do a great deal of my composing on the canvas and never know what I will end up with until I am done. For me painting is an act of discovery.