In the 19th century munich's artists are able to rely on strong institutions such as the academy founded in 1808, as well as associations and societies to represent their interests to the public. exhibition spaces are only rarely at their disposal and often have to be shared. the art and craft exhibition building at the königsplatz, erected by georg friedrich ziebland under ludwig I., between 1838 and 1845, draws initial attention to this necessity. in 1853/54 august von voit builds a modern glass and steel construction for the 'first general german industry exhibition' near the old botanical garden. this structure was subsequently meant to be taken down or changed into a greenhouse. maximilian II., though, opens the building up for all kinds of events. in 1858 the 'first german general and historical art exhibition' and in 1869 the 'I. international art exhibition' take place. in the night to 6th June 1931 the glass palace, in which art exhibitions were shown almost exclusively since 1889, was destroyed by fire.