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The 19th century saw profound changes in European art and cu lture. Political\, religious\, scientific\, and artistic authority all came into question\, and many artists responded by laying claim to the creative process. The graphic arts in particular became fertile ground for innovati on\, diverging from their traditional illustrative function to tap into wha t lay beyond artistic convention and rational thought. This exhibition exam ines the darker side of 19th-century graphic art to show how received mytho logies\, arcane visual codes\, psychological states\, and avant-garde aesth etic principles formed the basis for radically introspective alternatives t o Realism and Impressionism.

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The exhibition begins with the work of the Romantic artists William Blake and Francisco Goya\, both of whom sough t to destabilize established imperatives by reinterpreting traditional folk lore\, biblical themes\, and\, in the case of Goya\, ruling-class foibles i n terms of the tension they perceived between rationalism and superstition\ , truth and religion\, society and the individual. Later in the century\, t he master printers Charles Meryon and Félix Bracquemond created exquisitely crafted etchings characterized by technical precision and eerily obtuse ic onography\, while the Aesthetics James McNeill Whistler and Edward Burne-Jo nes conceptualized the printmaker’s craft as a retreat into the realm of ar t. 

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The exhibition continues with the work of a new generation of a rtists who\, active in the century’s turbulent last two decades and influen ced by Romanticism and Aestheticism\, placed further emphasis on the imagin ation. Jacques Villon and Félicien Rops captured the sensory overload of th e fin-de-siècle interior and drew visual metaphors between its priva te spaces and the inner realm of the psyche. Meanwhile\, James Ensor\, Edva rd Munch\, and Odilon Redon shifted their focus from what the eye sees to w hat the mind both reveals and perceives. In emphasizing the spirit\, these artists sought to suggest that objects in the world are but symbols for ide as\, conjured and communicated through the artist’s touch.

DTEND:20130210 DTSTAMP:20140731T043815 DTSTART:20121129 GEO:21.304039;-157.848549 LOCATION:The Honolulu Museum of Art\,900 South Beretania Street \nHonolulu\ , HI 96814 SEQUENCE:0 SUMMARY:Moods and Dreams in 19th-Century Graphic Arts\, William Blake\, Fél ix Bracquemond\, Edward Burne-Jones\, James Ensor\, Francisco Goya\, Charle s Meryon\, Edvard Munch\, Odilon Redon\, Félicien Rops\, Jacques Villon\, J ames McNeill Whistler UID:247024 END:VEVENT BEGIN:VEVENT DTEND:20121129T163000 DTSTAMP:20140731T043815 DTSTART:20121129T100000 GEO:21.304039;-157.848549 LOCATION:The Honolulu Museum of Art\,900 South Beretania Street \nHonolulu\ , HI 96814 SEQUENCE:0 SUMMARY:Moods and Dreams in 19th-Century Graphic Arts\, William Blake\, Fél ix Bracquemond\, Edward Burne-Jones\, James Ensor\, Francisco Goya\, Charle s Meryon\, Edvard Munch\, Odilon Redon\, Félicien Rops\, Jacques Villon\, J ames McNeill Whistler UID:247025 END:VEVENT END:VCALENDAR