In the calendar of ancient China, 2013 is the year of Guisi. With “Brush and Ink Inheritance” being the theme, National Art Museum of China plans to hold New Year Couplet Calligraphy Exhibition of National Art Museum of China. The exhibition consists of 3 parts with each having a focus. The first part is mainly spring festival couplets. We normally regard “new year gathers all celebrations and happy festival symbols a long spring” by Meng Chang in the Five Dynasty as the origin of China’s couplet and the followers inherit this custom and hang spring couplets to welcome the new year and pray for happiness on every New Year’s Eve. The exhibition is to show the year custom culture and add warm and harmonious festival atmosphere. However, the custom of couplets became more flourishing from Ming Dynasty and contents went beyond old and new alternation to singing beautiful landscape and scenery, exclaiming over nature and time and expressing feelings, which are displayed in the second and third part of the exhibition. The second part embodies the close relation between natural scenery and human landscape with couplets mostly describing pavilions, terraces and open halls, towers, pagodas and temples, attaining the state with style of stroke. The third part focuses on expressing emotions and ambitions with things, objects and sceneries and sighing at passing of scenery and time, mostly showing feelings in form of self-themed, random thought in surroundings of academy, study room, house and hall. Couplet culture has a long history and rich contents, extensive and profound. Therefore, this exhibition only plays a role of throwing out a minnow to catch a whale and showing connotation and characteristics of couplet culture of what we have understood in a point-to-an-area way, with the purpose to communicate with the visitors.