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Treasure in Liaoning Museum, Shenyang, China


DSCN6180 _ Liaoning Museum, Shenyang, China

DSCN6182 _ Liaoning Museum, Shenyang, China DSCN6235 _ Liaoning Museum, Shenyang, China

Liaoning Museum in Shenyang, my home city in Manchuria, the capital city of Qing Dynasty before the Manchu people conquered the Han China inside the Great Wall and made Beijing new capital, had many art and craft treasures, mostly as the legacy of the former imperial glory.  Due to the fragility of those Chinese paintings and calligraphy on silk or paper, and my dwelling in the U.S. for more than half of my life now, I hadn't the chance to view most, if any, of those the most valuable works collected in that museum, till last September, when they assembled some of their most notable works on display, including one of the most famous paintings from ancient China - 簪花仕女图 Court Ladies Adorning Their Hair with Flowers by 周昉 Fang ZHOU, Tang Dynasty, (active 766~779 - 785~804). The sublime and exquisite painting captured the luxury and easy of the court life during the most self-confident period of Chinese history - Tang Dynasty (618-906 A.D.). 

DSCN6221 _ Enlarged replica of 簪花仕女图 (Court Ladies Adorning Their Hair with Flowers), 周昉 Fang ZHOU, 46x180cm, Liaoning Museum, Shenyang, China
簪花仕女图 Court Ladies Adorning Their Hair with Flowers and enlarged replica (Top)周昉 Fang Zhou, Tang Dynasty, (active 766~779 - 785~804), 46x180cm

DSCN6222 _ 簪花仕女图 (Court Ladies Adorning Their Hair with Flowers), 周昉 Fang ZHOU, 46x180cm, Liaoning Museum, Shenyang, China



DSCN6183 _ 簪花仕女图 (Court Ladies Adorning Their Hair with Flowers) (detail), 周昉 Fang ZHOU, 46x180cm, Liaoning Museum, Shenyang, China

DSCN6228 _ Court Ladies Adorning Their Hair with Flowers (detail 3), Fang ZHOU, 46x180cm, Liaoning Museum, Shenyang, China DSCN6227 _ Court Ladies Adorning Their Hair with Flowers (detail 2), Fang ZHOU, 46x180cm, Liaoning Museum, Shenyang, China DSCN6226 _ Court Ladies Adorning Their Hair with Flowers (detail 1), Fang ZHOU, 46x180cm, Liaoning Museum, Shenyang, China

Another finest example was an ancient copy by an unknown Northern Song Dynasty (960-1127) artist of a legendary painter 顾恺之 Kaizhi GU (c. 344-405), on the theme of an ode to the beautiful Goddess of River Luo, who had a romantic encounter with the poet, 曹植 Zhi CAO (192-232), in his romantic poem of the same title.

DSCN6203 _ 摹顾恺之洛神赋图 Copy of Ode to Goddess of River Luo by Kaizhi FU (detail), 佚名 Anonymous, 北宋 Northern Song Dynasty, 26.3x641.6cm, Liaoning Museum, Shenyang, China

DSCN6196 _ 摹顾恺之洛神赋图 Copy of Ode to Goddess of River Luo by Kaizhi FU (detail), 佚名 Anonymous, 北宋 Northern Song Dynasty, 26.3x641.6cm, Liaoning Museum, Shenyang, China


摹顾恺之洛神赋图 Copy of Ode to Goddess of River Luo by Kaizhi GU, 佚名 Anonymous, Northern Song Dynasty (960-1127), 26.3x641.6cm

Other works on display included some imaginary and realistic landscapes, such as 茂林远岫图 Landscape of Luxuriant Forest and Distant Cave by 李成 Cheng LI, Northern Song Dynasty (960-1127) and 荷乡清夏图 Clear Summer Lotus Country by 马麟 Lin MA, Southern Song Dynasty (1127-1279) and 竹西草堂图 Bamboo West Cottage, by 赵雍 & 张渥, Yong ZHAO & Wo ZHANG, Yuan Dynasty (1271-1368):

DSCN6230 _ 茂林远岫图 Landscape of Luxuriant Forest and Distant Cave, 李成 Cheng LI, 北宋 Northern Song Dynasty, 45.5x143.2cm, Liaoning Museum, Shenyang, China
茂林远岫图 Landscape of Luxuriant Forest and Distant Cave, 李成 Cheng LI, 北宋 Northern Song Dynasty (960-1127), 45.5x143.2cm, Liaoning Museum, Shenyang, China


茂林远岫图 Landscape of Luxuriant Forest and Distant Cave, 李成 Cheng LI, 北宋 Northern Song Dynasty (960-1127), 45.5x143.2cm, Liaoning Museum, Shenyang, China

DSCN6217 _ 荷乡清夏图 Clear Summer Lotus Country, 马麟 Lin MA, 南宋 Southern Song Dynasty, 41.7x323cm, Liaoning Museum, Shenyang, China
荷乡清夏图 Clear Summer Lotus Country, 马麟 Lin MA, Southern Song Dynasty (1127-1279), 41.7x323cm

 
荷乡清夏图 Clear Summer Lotus Country, 马麟 Lin MA, Southern Song Dynasty (1127-1279), 41.7x323cm

DSCN6205 _ 竹西草堂图 Bamboo West Cottage, 赵雍 & 张渥, Yong ZHAO & Wo ZHANG, 元 Yuan Dynasty, 27.5x125.3cm & 27.4x81.2cm, Liaoning Museum, Shenyang, China
竹西草堂图 Bamboo West Cottage (detail), 赵雍 & 张渥, Yong ZHAO & Wo ZHANG, Yuan Dynasty (1271-1368), 27.5x125.3cm & 27.4x81.2cm



竹西草堂图 Bamboo West Cottage, 赵雍& 张渥, Yong ZHAO & Wo ZHANG, Yuan Dynasty (1271-1368), 27.5x125.3cm & 27.4x81.2cm

There was a rare portrait by another famous painter of Yuan Dynasty, 赵孟頫 Mengfu ZHAO (1304), 红衣西域僧图 Red Robed Western Monk, depicting a high Buddhistmonk with from the Central Asia (west to China), meditating under a Bodhi tree.  The features of the monk were vividly depicted and the colors of the green rock and his red robe, formed great contrast yet without clash, due to the less than fully saturated nature of the colors employed.  An unforgettable piece.

DSCN6209 _ 红衣西域僧图 Red Robed Western Monk, 赵孟頫 Mengfu ZHAO, 1304, 26x52cm, Liaoning Museum, Shenyang, China 


红衣西域僧图 Red Robed Western Monk, 赵孟頫 Mengfu ZHAO, 1304, 26x52cm

There were more notable paintings, such as these two below, whose attributes I failed to record, though:

DSCN6211 _ Liaoning Museum, Shenyang, China

DSCN6206 _ Liaoning Museum, Shenyang, China

Calligraphy was a highly regarded art in China, though I am not trained in that field and could only respond to them due to their visceral impacts. Below are several pieces I found amazing, many for their sheer scales, and beauty of course:


草书古诗四帖 Cursive Calligraphy Four Poems, 张旭 Xu ZHANG,Tang Dynasty, 29.5x195.2cm

DSCN6215 _ A Calligraphy Scroll, Liaoning Museum, Shenyang, China

DSCN6191 _ A Calligraphy Scroll, Liaoning Museum, Shenyang, China



There were many other treasures, particularly archeological artifacts, in Liaoning Museum, as I reported before.  Due to time constraint, I skipped those sections, and visited briefly another special photography exhibit - Indigenous Americans: Maya, Aztec and Native Americans - by Jeffrey Jay Foxx, together with some fabric objects.

DSCN6244 _ Indigenous Americans by Jeff J. Foxx, Liaoning Museum, Shenyang, China

DSCN6249 _ Indigenous Americans by Jeff J. Foxx, Liaoning Museum, Shenyang, China

DSCN6245 _ Indigenous Americans by Jeff J. Foxx, Liaoning Museum, Shenyang, China

DSCN6248 _ Indigenous Americans by Jeff J. Foxx, Liaoning Museum, Shenyang, China

DSCN6247 _ Indigenous Americans by Jeff J. Foxx, Liaoning Museum, Shenyang, China

Visiting my home city art museum turned out to be quite a wonderful experience.

DSCN6250 _ Liaoning Museum, Shenyang, China


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Label: Shenyang, Shenyang Trip 2013

Posted by Matthew Felix Sun on 12/1/13 | tags: calligraphy China Shenyang figurative traditional







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